Abraham Lincoln, Slavery, and the Civil War

August 5 to August 10, 2002
Instructors: Mackubin T. Owens and Lucas E. Morel
Ashland University, Ashland, Ohio

  • James McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom. Ballantine Books, 1989.
  • Lord Charnwood, Abraham Lincoln: A Biography. Madison Books, 1998.
  • George Anastaplo, Abraham Lincoln: A Constitutional Biography. Rowman & Littlefield, 2001
  • Roy Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings. Da Capo Press, 1990.
  • Robert Walter Johannsen, ed., The Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858. Oxford University Press, 1965.
  • Harry V. Jaffa, Crisis of the House Divided: An Interpretation of the Issues in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates. University of Chicago Press, 1999.
  • Harry V. Jaffa, A New Birth of Freedom: Abraham Lincoln and the Coming of the Civil War. Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.
  • Declaration of Independence and Constitution of the United States of America. Ashland, Ohio: Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs, 2001.
  • Photocopied Reading Packet.

Schedule

Monday, August 5

Session One
(88:57 minutes)


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Session 1 with Professor Owens: 6:15 pm – 7:45 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Lincoln Over the Years

Reading:

  • Edmund Wilson, “The Battle Hymn” and “Abraham Lincoln” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Richard Hofstadter, “Abraham Lincoln and the Self-Made Myth” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Lerone Bennett, “Was Abe Lincoln a White Supremacist?” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Joshua Kleinfeld, “Lincoln and the New America” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Charnwood, Lincoln

Tuesday, August 6

Session Two
(87:51 minutes)


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Session 2 with Professor Owens: 9:00 am – 10:30 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Ante-Bellum America

Reading:

  • Battle Cry of Freedom, Prologue, Chapters 1-4

Session Three
(91:17 minutes)


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Session 3 with Professor Morel: 10:45 am – 12:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Slavery and the Founding

Reading:

  • Anastaplo, Chapters 1-4
  • Declaration of Independence (Declaration/Constitution booklet)
  • Bradford, “The Heresy of Equality” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Jaffa, “Equality and the American Revolution: In Reply to Bradford’s ‘The Heresy of Equality’” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Jaffa, Crisis, Chapters 14, 15, 17
  • West, Vindicating the Founders, Chapter 1 “Slavery” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Storing, “Slavery and the Moral Foundations of the American Republic” (Photocopied Reading Packet)

Session Four
(90:38 minutes)


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Session 4 with Professor Morel: 4:30 am – 6:00 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Slavery, Ante-Bellum Politics and Westward Expansion

Reading:

  • Anastaplo, Chapters 6-7
  • McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom Chapter 5
  • Jaffa, Crisis of the House Divided, Chapters 3-10
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
  • Dec 10, 1856 speech at a Republican banquet in Chicago (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
  • Dec 28, 1857 Letter to Lyman Trumbull (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
  • Frederick Douglas, selected readings from Herbert Storing, ed., What Country Have I? Political writings by Black Americans (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1970) (Photocopied Reading Packet)

Wednesday, August 7

Session Five
(89:49 minutes)


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Session 5 with Professor Morel: 9:00 am – 10:30 am (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Previous Topic Continued

Session Six
(93:22 minutes)


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Session 6 with Professor Morel: 10:45 am – 12:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Reading:

  • Jaffa, Crisis of the House Divided, Chapters 11-13, 18-20
  • Johannsen, First, Second, and Seventh Debates
  • Anastaplo, Chapters 8-11
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings

Lincoln on Language
(98:04 minutes)


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Lincoln on Language with Professor Schramm: 4:30 pm – 6:00 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Guest Lecture
(114:40 minutes)


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Guest Lecture with Professor Allen Guelzo: 7:30 pm – 9:30 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: The Emancipation Proclamation

Thursday, August 8

Session Seven
(90:58 minutes)


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Session 7 with Professor Morel: 9:00 am – 10:30 am (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

    Topic: Previous Topic Continued (Lincoln-Douglas Debates)

Session Eight
(91:09 minutes)


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Session 8 with Professor Morel: 10:45 am – 12:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: The Election of 1860

Reading:

  • McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom, Chapters 6-8
  • Anastaplo, Chapter 12
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • Cooper Union Speech (p. 517)
    • February 11, 1861 farewell speech at Springfield (p. 568)
    • February 21, 1861 farewell Address to NJ Senate (p. 574)
    • March 4, 1861 First Inaugural Address (p. 579)
    • May 25, 1861 letter to Ephraim D. and Phoebe Ellsworth (p. 593)

Session Nine
(105:11 minutes)


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Session 9 with Professor Owens: 4:30 pm – 6:00 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: The Rights and Wrongs of Secession

Reading:

  • McPherson, Chapter 9
  • Anastaplo, Chapter 13
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • August 22, 1862 letter to Horace Greeley (p.651)
  • The Justifying Cause of Secession (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Speech of Alexander H. Stephens, The ‘Cornerstone’ Speech (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Mayor Wood’s Recommendation of the Secession of New York City (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • July 4, 1861 Message to Congress in Special Session (p. 594)
  • Proclamation Calling Militia and Convening Congress (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • To Reverdy Jackson (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • To Winfield Scott (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Owens, “The Case Against Secession” (Photocopied Reading Packet)

Film: 8:00 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Watch Glory

Friday, August 9


Session Ten
(92:15 minutes)


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Session 10 with Professor Owens: 9:00 am – 10:30 am (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Lincoln as War Leader

Reading:

  • McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom, Chs. 10-28
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • September 22, 1861 letter to Orestes Browning (p. 613)
    • December 3, 1861 Annual Message to Congress (p. 616)
  • May 19, 1862 Presidential Proclamation (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • July 28, 1862 letter to Bullitt (p. 648)
    • August 22, 1862 letter to Horace Greeley (p. 651)
  • September 28, 1862 letter to Hannibal Hamblin (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • September 30, 1862 Meditation on the Divine Will (p. 655)
    • December 1, 1862 Annual Message to Congress (p. 666)
    • December 23, 1862 Letter to Fanny McCullough (p. 688)
  • January 8, 1863 letter to John A. McClernand (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • July 13, 1863 letter to Ulysses S. Grant (p. 710)
    • July 14, 1863 letter to George S. Meade (p. 711)
  • July 30, 1863 Presidential Order (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • August 5, 1863 letter to Nathaniel P. Banks (p. 714)
    • August 17 and November 2, 1863 letters to James H. Hackett (p. 718, p. 732)
    • August 26, 1863 letter to James C. Conkling (p. 720)
    • December 8, 1863 Presidential Proclamation (p. 738)
  • December 8, 1863 Annual Message to Congress (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • December 15, 1863 Letter to Thomas Cottman (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • March 13, 1864 letter to Michael Hahn (p. 745)
  • April 4, 1864 letter to Albert G. Hodges (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • April 30, 1864 letter to U.S. Grant (p. 750)
  • June 9, 1864 Reply to Delegates from the Nation Union League (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • July 8, 1864 Presidential Proclamation (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • September 12, 1864 Draft of a Letter to Isaac M. Schermerhorn (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • September 19, 1864 letter to William T. Sherman (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • October 19, 1864 Response to a Serenade (p. 760)
    • November 10, 1864 Response to a Serenade (p. 763)
    • November 21, 1864 letter to Lydia Bixby (p. 766)
    • December 6, 1864 Annual Message to Congress (p. 773)
    • December 26, 1864 Letter to William T. Sherman (p. 789)
    • January 19, 1865 letter to U.S. Grant (p. 790)
  • March 1, 1865 Reply to Notification Committee (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • March 4, 1865 Second Inaugural (p. 792)
    • March 15, 1865 letter to Thurlow Weed (p. 794)
  • April 10, 1865 Response to a Serenade (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • April 11, 1865 Last Public Address (p. 796)

Session Eleven
(88:06 minutes)


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Session 11 with Professor Owens: 10:45 am – 12:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Lincoln and Civil Liberties

Reading:

  • Lincoln, Suspension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Taney, “Ex Parte Merryman” from Edward McPherson, The Political History of the United States of America during the Great Rebellion, 1860-1865 (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • To Erastus Corning and Others (pp. 699-708)
  • Fehrenbacher, “Lincoln and the Constitution” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Belz, “Lincoln and the Constitution: The Dictatorship Question Revisited” (Photocopied Reading Packet)

Guest Lecture
(90:08 minutes)


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Guest Lecture with Dr. Herman Belz: 7:30 pm – 9:30 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Lincoln, Reconstruction, and the Post-Civil War Amendments

Saturday, August 10


Session Twelve
(88:59 minutes)


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Session 12 with Professor Owens: 9:00 am – 10:30 am (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Emancipation and Black Soldiers

Reading:

  • Lincoln, “Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • Annual Message to Congress (1862) (p. 666-688)
  • Anastaplo, Chapter 14
  • Lincoln, “Order of Retaliation” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Lincoln, “To Stephen A. Hulburt” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Lincoln, “To Nathaniel Banks” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • Annual Message to Congress (1864) (p. 773)
  • Fehrenbacher, “Only His Stepchildren: Lincoln and the Negro” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • McPherson, “The ‘Glory’ Story” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Frederick Douglass, “Oration in Memory of Abraham Lincoln” (Photocopied Reading Packet)
  • Lucas E. Morel, “Forced Into Gory Lincoln Revisionism,” Claremont Review of Books (Claremont Institute, Fall 2000), S12 (Photocopied Reading Packet)

Session Thirteen
(89:58 minutes)


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Session 13 with Professors Morel and Owens: 10:45 am – 12:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: “A New Birth of Freedom”

Reading:

  • Basler, Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings
    • September 4, 1864 letter to Eliza Gurney (p. 757)
  • Anastaplo, Chapters 15-16
  • Morel, Chapter on the Second Inaugural (Photocopied Reading Packet)

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