The Plan of Charles Pinckney, Presented to the Federal Convention, May 29, 1787
Documents Illustrative of the Formation of the Union of the American States
Selected, Arranged, and Indexed by Charles C. Tansill
THE PLAN OF CHARLES PINCKNEY
PRESENTED TO THE FEDERAL CONVENTION,
MAY 29, 1787. (Quoted from American Historical Review, Vol. IX, pp. 741-747]
OUTLINE OF THE PLAN.
- A Confederation between the free and independent States of N. H. etc. is hereby solemnly made uniting them together under one general superintending Government for their common Benefit and for their Defense and Security against all Designs and Leagues that may be injurious to their Interests and against all Forc[e] [?]1 and Attacks offered to or made upon them or any of them.
- The Stile
- Mutual IntercourseCommunity of PrivilegeSurrender of CriminalsFaith to Proceedings etc.
- Two Branches of the LegislatureSenateHouse of Delegatestogether the U. S. in Congress assembled
- The Senate and H. D. shall by joint Ballot annually chuse the Presidt. U. S. from among themselves or the People at large.In the Presdt the executive authority of the U. S. shall be vested.-His Powers and DutiesHe shall have a Right to advise with the Heads of the different Departments as his Council
- Council of Revision, consisting of the Presidt S. for for. Affairs, S. of War, Heads of the Departments of Treasury and Admiralty or any two of them togr wt the Presidt
- The Members of S. and H. D. shall each have one Vote, and shall be paid out of the common Treasury.
- The Time of the Election of the Members of the H. D. and of the Meeting of U. S. in C. assembled.
- No State to make Treatieslay interfering Dutieskeep a naval or land Force Militia excepted to be disciplined etc. according to the Regulations of the U. S.
- Each State retains its Rights not expressly delegatedBut no Bill of the Legislature of any State shall become a law till it shall have been laid before S. and H. D. in C. assembled and received their Approbation.
- The exclusive Power of S. and H. D. in C. Assembled.
- The S. and H. D. in C. ass. shall have exclusive Power of regulating trade and levying ImpostsEach State may lay Embargoes in Times of Scarcity.
- of establishing Post-Offices
- S. and H. D. in C. ass. shall be the last Resort on Appeal in Disputes between two or more States; which Authority shall be exercised in the following Manner etc
- S. and H. D. in C. ass. shall institute offices and appoint officers for the Departments of for. Affairs, War, Treasury and Admiralty.
- S. and H. D. in C. Ass shall have the exclusive Right of coining Moneyregulating its Alloy and Valuefixing the Standard of Weights and Measures throughout U. S.
- Points in which the Assent of more than a bare Majority shall be necessary.
- Impeachments shall be by the H. D. before the Senate and the Judges of the Federeal judicial Court.
- S. and H. D. in C. ass. shall regulate the Militia thro’ the U. S.
- Means of enforcing and compelling the Payment of the Quota of each State.
- Manner and Conditions of admitting new States.
- Power of dividing annexing and consolidating States, on the Consent and Petition of such States.
- The assent of the Legislature of States shall be sufficient to invest future additional Powers in U. S. in C. ass. and shall bind the whole Confederacy.
- The Articles of Confederation shall be inviolably observed, and the Union shall be perpetual: unless altered as before directed
- The said States of N. H. etc guarrantee mutually each other and their Rights against all other Powers and against all Rebellion etc.
H. D. to consist of one Member for every thousand Inhabitants 3/5 of Blacks included
Senate to be elected from four Districtsto serve by Rotation of four yearsto be elected by the H. D. either from among themselves or the People at large
They shall have the exclusive Power of declaring what shall be Treason and Misp. of Treason agt? U. S.and of instituting a federal judicial Court, to which an Appeal shall be allowed from the judicial Courts of the several States in all Causes wherein Questions shall arise on the Construction of Treaties made by U. S.or on the Laws of Nationsor on the Regulations of U. S. concerning Trade and Revenueor wherein U. S. shall be a PartyThe Court shall consist of Judges to be appointed during good BehaviourS and H. D. in C. ass. shall have the exclusive Right of instituting in each State a Court of Admiralty and appointing the Judges etc of the same for all maritime Causes which may arise therein respectively.
- Or Foes.Return to text