Documents Illustrative of the Formation of the Union of the American States
VARIANT TEXTS OF THE VIRGINIA PLAN, PRESENTED BY EDMUND RANDOLPH TO THE FEDERAL CONVENTION, MAY 29, 1787.
Selected, Arranged, and Indexed by Charles C. Tansill
[Quoted from Documentary History of the Constitution of the United States of America, vol. 1, pp. 332-335]
| 1. Resolved that the Article’s of Confederation ought to be so corrected and enlarged, as to accomplish the objects proposed by their institution, namely common Defence Security of Liberty and general welfare.
2. Resolved therefore that the right of Suffrage in the National Legislature ought to be, proportioned to the quotas of Contribution, or to the number of free inhabitants, as the one or the other, may serve best in different cases.
3. Resolved that the National Legislature ought to consist of two branches.
4. Resolved that the Members of the first Branch of the National Legislature, ought to be elected by the people of the several States every &nbps; for the term of three years, to be of the age of at least. To receive liberal stipends, by which they devotion may be compensated for the devotion[duration" stricken out] of their time to public serviceto be ineligible to any office established by a particular State, or under the authority of the United States, (except those peculiarly belonging to the functions of the first Branch) during the term of service, and for the space of one after the expiration; to be incapable of re-election for the space of after the expiration of their term of service, and to be subject to recal.
5. Resolved, that the members of the second Branch of the Legislature, ought to be elected by the individual Legislatures: to be of the age of years at least; to hold their Offices for a term sufficient to ensure their independancy; to receive liberal devotion Stipends by which they may be compensated for the devotion["devtion" stricken out] of their time to the public service; and to be in-eligible to any office established by a particular State, or under the authority of the United States (except those peculiarly belonging to the functions of the second Branch) during the term of service, and for the space of after the expiration thereof.
6. Resolved that each Branch aught to possess the right of originating acts, that the National Legislature ought to be empowered to enjoy, the Legislative rights vested in Congress. by the Confederation, and moreover to Legislate in all cases to which the Separate States are incompetent; or in which the harmony of the United States may be interrupted, by the exercise of individual Legislationto negative all Laws passed by the several States, contravening, in the opinion of the National Legislature, The articles of Union; or any Treaty subsisting under the Authority of the Unionand to call forth the force of the Union, against any Member of the Union, failing to fulfil its duties under the articles thereof
7th Resolved that a ["the" stricken out] national Executive be insti ["consti" stricken out] tuted to consist of a single person, with powers to carry into execution the National Laws, and to appoint to Offices, in cases not otherwise provided for, to be chosen by the National Legislature, for the term of seven yearsto receive punctually at stated times a fixed compensation, for the services rendered, in which no increase or diminution shall be made, so as to affect the Magistracy existing at the time of such increase or diminution, and to be in-eligible a second time.
8th Resolved that the Executive and a convenient number of the National judiciary ought to compose a Council of revision, with authority to examine every act of the National Legislature, before it shall operate, and every act of a particular Legislature before a negative thereon shall be final; and that the dissent of the said council shall amount to a rejection, unless the act of the National Legislature, be again passed, or that of a particular Legislature be again negatived by of the Members of each Branch.
9. Resolved that a National judiciary be established to Consist of one Supreme Tribunal, to hold their Offices during good behavior, and to receive punctually at stated times fixed compensation for their services, in which no increase or diminution shall be made, so as to affect the persons actually in office at the time of such increase or diminution.
That the jurisdiction of the inferior Tribunals, shall be to hear and determine in the first instance, and of the Supreme Tribunal to hear and determine in the dernier resort; all piracies and felonies on the high Seas, Captures from an Enemy; cases in which Foreigners, or Citizens of other States applying to such jurisdictions, may be interested, or which respect the collection of the national Revenue, Impeachment of any national officer and questions which may involve, the National peace and harmony.
|10. Resolved that provision ought ^to be made for the admission of States Lawfully arising within the limits of the United States whether from a voluntary junction of Government and Territory or otherwise, with the Consent of a number of Voices in the National Legislatures less than the whole.||agreed|
|11. Resolved that a republican Government of each State (except in the Voluntary junction of Government and Territory) ought to be garranteed by the United States to each State.||agreed|
|12. Resolved that provision ought to be made for the Continuance of a Congress and their authorities, until and privileges, until ["untill" stricken out] a given day, after the reform of the Articles of the Union shall be adopted, and for the Completion of all their engagements.||agreed|
|13. That provision ought to be made for the amendment of the Articles of the Union, whensoever it shall seem necessary (and that the assent of the National Legislature, ought to be required thereto)||agreed|
|14. Resolved that the Legislative, Executive and judicial powers of the several States, ought to be bound by oath to support the Articles of Union.||agreed|
|15. Resolved that the amendments which shall be offered to the Confederation, by the Convention, ought at a proper time, or times, after the approbation of Congress, to be submitted to an assembly or assemblies of representatives, recommended by the several Legislatures, to be expressly chosen by the people to consider and decide thereon.||postponed|