Cato Timeline of the Ratification of the Constitution by Gordon Lloyd


September 1787

Sept 13, 1787: Cato I (New York)

October 1787

Oct 11, 1787: Cato II (New York)
Oct 25, 1787: Cato III (New York)

November 1787

Nov 8, 1787: Cato IV (New York)
Nov 22, 1787: Cato V (New York)

December 1787

Dec 12, 1787: Cato Essay, Country Journal and Advertiser (New York)
Dec 13, 1787: Cat0 VI (New York)


January 1788

Jan 3, 1788: Cato VII (New York)



In 1787 and 1788, following the Constitutional Convention, a great debate took place throughout America over the Constitution that had been proposed.

In-Doors Debate

View in-depth studies of the Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York state ratifying conventions.

The Federal Pillars

View drawings of the federal pillars rising published by the Massachusetts Centinel during the ratification debate.

View Feature

The Stages of Ratification: An Interactive Timeline

View the six stages of the ratification of the Constitution with links to many other features on this site.

View Feature

Interactive Ratification Map

View interactive maps showing the breakdown of Federalist-Antifederalist strength at the state level during the Ratification debate.

View Interactive is a project of the Ashbrook Center at Ashland University

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