Robert Livingston

Robert LivingstonState: New York

Age at Ratifying Convention: 41

Affiliation: Federalist

Vote at Ratifying Convention: Yea

Date of Birth: November 27, 1746

Date of Death: February 26, 1813

Schooling: King's College (Columbia), 1764

Occupation: Lawyer, Politician, Diplomat

Prior Political Experience: Drafter of the Declaration of Independence, 1776; Chancellor of New York, 1777-1801; United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs, 1781-1783.

Other Political Activities: Minister to France, 1801-1804.

Biography from The Architect of the Capitol:

One of the most prominent statesmen of his day, Robert Livingston came from a most illustrious family. Born in New York City on November 27, 1746, Livingston spent his early years there. He entered King's College (Columbia University) at the age of 15. There he befriended John Jay, with whom he later had a brief partnership. Livingston served from 1775 to 1777 in the Continental Congress, where he was one of the five drafters of the Declaration of Independence. At the time the Declaration was signed, however, he had returned to duties in the provincial assembly.

When the government of New York State was established, Livingston became chancellor, the highest judicial position in the state, and served for 24 years. In that capacity he administered the oath of office to President Washington in 1789. From 1781 to 1783, as secretary of foreign affairs, Livingston transmitted news of European affairs to the Congress. From 1801 to 1804 he served as President Jefferson's minister to France and negotiated the Louisiana Purchase. While living in Paris Livingston met Robert Fulton; he later supported the inventor's construction of the steamboat Clermont, named for Livingston's estate.

Livingston's last years were spent experimenting with new agricultural techniques and raising sheep. Before his death on February 27, 1813, he also founded and became the first president of the American Academy of Fine Arts and became a trustee of the New York Society Library.