The Constitutional Convention: The Fugitive Slave Clause

Source: Gordon Lloyd ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

Constitutional Convention: The Slave Trade Clause

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

The Constitutional Convention: The Three-Fifths Clause

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

“Parties”

Source: “For the National Gazette, [ca. 23 January] 1792,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-14-02-0176. [Editor’s…

Federalist 10

Source: The Federalist. Gideon Edition, eds. George W. Carey and James McClellan (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund,…

Federalist No. 58

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

Federalist No. 51

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

Federalist No. 62

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

Federalist No. 10

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

Federalist No. 48

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

Federalist 63

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

A Debate on the President’s Removal Power: “The Decision of 1789”

Source: Annals of Congress 1789, pp. 387–395, 473–482, 508–521, 601–603 (May-June 1789). 19 May 1789…

Federalist No. 55

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

Federalist No. 52

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

Helvidius Nos. 1, 2, and 4

Source: “Helvidius No. 1,” “Helvidius No. 2,” and Helvidius No. 4,” in The Pacificus-Helvidius Debates,…

“A Candid State of Parties”

Source: “For the National Gazette, 22 September 1792,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed April 11,…

Remarks on the Removal Power

Source: James Madison, Speech on the Removal Power of the President, [16 June] 1789, Founders…

Arguments for Constitutional Amendments

Source: 1 Annals of Cong. 424-450 (1789). Mr. MADISON. — I will state my reasons…

The Jefferson-Madison Exchange

Source: Gordon Lloyd and Margie Lloyd, eds., The Essential Bill of Rights (Lanham, Maryland: University…

Federalist No. 10

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

On the Nullifying Doctrine

“[Copy of James Madison] to Robert Y. Hayne [as enclosed in James Madison to Edward…

Letter to Alexander Hamilton

From Alexander Hamilton to James Madison Poughkepsie Saturday [19 July 1788] I thank you My Dear…

Letter to Spencer Roane

I have recd. your favor of the 22d Ult inclosing a copy of your observations on…

War Message to Congress

To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States: I communicate to Congress…

The Virginia Resolutions

In the House of Delegates Resolved, that the General Assembly of Virginia doth unequivocally express a…

Letter to Thomas Jefferson

Monday last was the day for the meeting of the Convention.  The number as yet…

Letter to Daniel Webster

I return my thanks for the copy of your late very powerful Speech in the…

Letter to Nicholas Trist

Dr. Sir, I have received yours of the 19th, inclosing some of the South Carolina…

Report on the Virginia Resolutions

Report of the Committee to whom were referred the Communications of various State, relative to…

Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787

[This is an abridged version of the document.] Thursday, May 31 In the Committee of…

Letter to Henry Colman

Dr Sir I have read with pleasure the copy of your Oration on the 4th…

To Thomas Jefferson

You will herewith receive the result of the Convention, which continued its Session till the…

British Government

THE boasted equilibrium of this government, (so far as it is a reality) is maintained…

Who Are the Best Keepers of the People’s Liberties

Republican. — The people themselves. The sacred trust can be no where so safe as…

A Candid State of Parties

As it is the business of the contemplative statesman to trace the history of parties…

Republican Distribution of Citizens

A perfect theory on this subject would be useful, not because it could be reduced…

Spirit of Governments

No government is perhaps reducible to a sole principle of operation. Where the theory approaches…

Government of the United States

Power being found by universal experience liable to abuses, a distribution of it into separate…

Parties

In every political society, parties are unavoidable. A difference of interests, real or supposed, is…

Public Opinion

Public opinion sets bounds to every government, and is the real sovereign in every free…

Consolidation

Much has been said, and not without reason, against a consolidation of the states into…

To William Short

The Convention has been formed about 12 days. It contains in several instances the most…

To Thomas Jefferson

Dear Sir My last was intended for the Augst. Packet and put into the hands…

Letter to Thomas Jefferson

The day fixed for the meeting of the Convention was the 14th.ult: on the 25th.…

Letter to Thomas Jefferson

The Convention continue to sit, and have been closely employed since the Commencemt. of the…

To James Monroe

Dear Sir I have been discouraged from answering sooner your favor of by the bar…

To Madison’s Father

I am sorry that I cannot gratify your wish to be informed of the proceedings…

Letter to Edmund Pendleton

I have put off from day to day writing to my friends from this place…

Benjamin Franklin’s Final Remark, Federal Convention

The following remarks were recorded by James Madison at the close of the Constitutional Convention.…

James Madison to Edmund Randolph

I am glad to find that you are turning your thoughts towards the business of…
More posts