Committee of Style Report, Article I, Section 8 and Article 1 Sections 9 and 10, 12 September 1787 Sect. 8.

The Congress may by joint ballot appoint a treasurer.

They shall have power

[1] To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises; to pay the
debts and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States.

[2] To borrow money on the credit of the United States.

[3] To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the
several States, and with the Indian tribes.

[4] To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws
on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States.

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures.

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States.

To establish post offices and post roads.

[8] To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.

[9] To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court.

[I0] To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and (punish) offences against the law of nations.

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make
rules concerning captures on land and water.

To raise and support armies: hut no appropriation of monies
to that use shall be for a longer term than two years. [131 To provide and maintain a navy.

[14] To make rules for the government and regulation of the land
and naval forces.

[15] To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of
the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions,

[16] To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress.

[17] To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State in which the same shall he, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings


[18] To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

Sect. 9. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.

No bill of attainder shall be passed, nor any ex post facto law.

No capitation tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census herein before directed to be taken.

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state.

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law.

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.

Sect. 10. No state shall coin money, nor emit hills of credit, nor make any thing hut gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts, nor pass any bill of attainder, nor ex post facto laws, nor laws altering or impairing the obligation of contracts; nor grant letters of marque or reprisal, nor enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, nor grant any title of nobility.

No state shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, nor with such consent, but t o the use of the treasury of the United States. Nor keep troops, nor ships

of war in time of peace, nor enter into any agreement or compact with another state, nor with any foreign power. Nor engage in any war, unless actually invaded, or the danger of invasion so imminent, as not to admit of delay until the Congress can be consulted.