In 1787 and 1788, following the Constitutional Convention, a great debate took place throughout America over the Constitution that had been proposed.
During the struggle for ratification, the Federalists and Antifederalists engaged in a great newspaper and pamphlet debate over the proposed Constitution.
View in-depth studies of the Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York state ratifying conventions.
View drawings of the federal pillars rising published by the Massachusetts Centinel during the ratification debate.
View the six stages of the ratification of the Constitution with links to many other features on this site.
View interactive maps showing the breakdown of Federalist-Antifederalist strength at the state level during the Ratification debate.