Implementing Brown v. Board of Education: One Southern Town’s Story

Part I: Behind the Scenes, an Interracial Team Plans Integration Ellen Deitz Tucker In May…

A Brand Plucked from the Fire

Source: Julia A. J. Foote, A Brand Plucked from the Fire (Cleveland, W. F. Schneider:…

We’re On Our Way

Source: Fannie Lou Hamer, “We’re On Our Way,” Speech before a mass meeting held at…

One-Day Seminar: Civil Rights Speeches & Leaders hosted by Stevens Point High School (Stevens Point, WI)

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The Justices’ View on Brown v. Board of Education

Source: Harold H. Burton to Earl Warren, and Felix Frankfurter to Warren, May 17, 1954,…

I Have A Dream

Source: Text is from the online version provided by The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research…

Statement on the War in Vietnam

Source: Wisconsin Historical Society, Freedom Summer Collection, Lucile Montgomery Papers, 1963-1967, Historical Society Library Microforms…

The Negro in American Life (Guidance for the Voice of America)

Source: Record Group 59, Records of the Department of State, Records Relating to International Information…

Statement on the Share Our Wealth Society

Source: Congressional Record, 74th Cong., 1st sess., Vol. 79 (May 23, 1935), pp. 8040-43. The…

“Black Cotton Farmers and the AAA”

Source: Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life, 13:3 (March 1935), p. 72. Available at http://newdeal.feri.org/opp/opp3572.htm.…

“Black Labor and the Codes”

Source: Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life, 11:8 (August 1933), p. 231. If there were…

Letters to Yank Magazine

Source: Rupert Trimmingham, letters to the editor, Yank, April 28, 1944 and July 28, 1944.…

“Why Should We March?”

Source: A. Philip Randolph, “Why Should We March?” Survey Graphic 31 (November 1942), pp 488-89.…

The First Lady Visits Tuskegee

Source: Eleanor Roosevelt, My Day: A Comprehensive, Electronic Edition of Eleanor Roosevelt’s “My Day” Columns.…

Radio and Television Report to the American People on Civil Rights

John F. Kennedy: “Radio and Television Report to the American People on Civil Rights,” June 11,…

Birmingham Manifesto

Fred Shuttlesworth and N. H. Smith were ministers in Birmingham, Alabama active in the civil…

Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, 379 U.S. 241 (1964). Available online from…

Debate on the Civil Rights Act

Originally Broadcast on CBS Reports: Filibuster—Birth Struggle of a Law, March 18, 1964. Available at…

Eleanor Roosevelt with “Chief” Charles Alfred Johnson

Eleanor Roosevelt, My Day: A Comprehensive, Electronic Edition of Eleanor Roosevelt’s “My Day” Columns. Online…

Documents and Debates in American History and Government: Vol. 2, 1865-2009

This collection of documents presents American history from 1865 to 2009 as a series of…

Religion in American History and Politics: 25 Core Docs

This volume draws together twenty-five primary documents through which readers may trace central themes in…

50 Core Documents That Tell America’s Story

In 1825, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson discussed by letter the kinds of texts that…

Black Power: The Politics of Liberation

‘To carve out a place for itself in the politico-social order,’ V.O. Key, Jr. wrote…

“To Secure These Rights”, The Report of President Truman’s Committee on Civil Rights

Assignment from the President MR. PRESIDENT: This is the report which we have prepared in…

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Platform

National Negro Committee 500 Fifth Ave New York We denounce the ever-growing oppression of our…

Civil Rights: Suggested Answers

Answers should begin by explaining the distinction between emancipation and possession of full political rights…

Civil Rights Toolkit

The African-American Civil Rights movement is typically seen as having taken place mostly in the…

Did John Brown Fail?

Not to fan the flame of sectional animosity now happily in the process of rapid…

Self-Made Men

The subject announced for this evening’s entertainment is not new. Man in one form or…

Remarks at Gettysburg on Civil Rights

On this hallowed ground, heroic deeds were performed and eloquent words were spoken a century…

Port Huron Statement

Source: Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement (New York: The Student Department…

Lessons of the Hour (excerpt)

… Do not ask me what will be the final result of the so-called negro…

The Slaveholders’ Rebellion

FELLOW CITIZENS: Eighty-six years ago the fourth of July was consecrated and distinguished among all…

Our Composite Nationality

As nations are among the largest and the most complete divisions into which society is…

Nonviolence: The Only Road to Freedom

… I am convinced that for practical as well as moral reasons, nonviolence offers the…

State of the Union Address (1965)

On this Hill which was my home, I am stirred by old friendships. Though total…

State of the Union Address (1964)

Mr. Speaker, Mr. President, Members of the House and Senate, my fellow Americans: I will…

Malcolm X At the Audubon Ballroom

Salaam Alaikum. I suppose I should take time to explain what I mean when I…

A Declaration of Independence

Because 1964 threatens to be a very explosive year on the racial front, and because…

The Ballot or the Bullet

Mr. Moderator, Brother Lomax, brothers and sisters, friends and enemies: I just can't believe everyone…

Message to Grassroots

We want to have just an off-the-cuff chat between you and me — us. We…

A Colorblind Society Remains an Aspiration

Chief Judge [Wilfred] Feinberg [of the U.S. Court of Appeals, Second Circuit] and friends: As…

Reflections on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution

The year 1987 marks the 200th anniversary of the United States Constitution. A Commission has…

The Philadelphia Negro

Color Prejudice-- Incidentally throughout this study the prejudice against the Negro has been again and…

The Black Power Defined

…The nettlesome task of Negroes today is to discover how to organize our strength into…

Why Should a Colored Man Enlist?

This question has been repeatedly put to us while raising men for the 54th Massachusetts…

What Shall Be Done with the Slaves If Emancipated?

It is curious to observe, at this juncture, when the existence of slavery is threatened…

President Harding and Social Equality

For fifty years we who, pro and con, have discussed the Negro Problem, have been…

The Constitution of the United States: Is It Pro-Slavery or Anti-Slavery?

...I proceed to the discussion. And first a word about the question. Much will be…
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