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Purchase of Louisiana

Source: “Purchase of Louisiana," New-York Evening Post, July 5, 1803, Founders Online, National Archives, accessed…

One Day Seminar: Documents and Debates – the Constitutional Ratification Debate, hosted by Canyons School District (Salt Lake City area, UT)

Join teachers from the Salt Lake City area to dive deeply into the ideas and…

One-Day Seminar: Lincoln and the Problems of Reconstruction, hosted by the Missouri Humanities Council (Kansas City, MO)

Study the problems that faced Abraham Lincoln regarding a reconstructed Union before, during, and after…

One-Day Seminar: The Federalist Papers and the Debate Over the Constitution, hosted by the USS Midway Museum (San Diego, CA)

Join area teachers to study the debate over the creation and ratification of the Constitution,…
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Federalist Papers

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The Senate Version

Source: Senate Journal, First Congress, First Session, A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation:…
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The House Version

Source: Congress of the United States In the House of Representatives, Tuesday, the 27th of…
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Federalist No. 84

Source: The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, eds. George W. Carey and James McClellan (Indianapolis: Liberty…
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New York Ratifying Convention

Source: The Debates in the several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution,…
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Objections at the Constitutional Convention

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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Bill of Rights

There is a strong temptation to consider the story of the U.S. Bill of Rights…

Bill of Rights: Thematic Table of Contents

The Colonial Heritage The Massachusetts Body of Liberties, December 1641 The Maryland Act Concerning Religion,…
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Transcript of David Frost’s Interview with Richard Nixon

Source: Sir David Frost, Frost/Nixon: Behind the Scenes of the Nixon Interviews (New York: Harper…
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Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer

Source: United States Reports. Volume 343, Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court at October Term,…
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House Debate on the 22nd Amendment

Source: Congressional Record, 80th Congress, First Session, Volume 93, Part 1 (Washington D.C. : United…
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Fireside Chat on the Plan for Reorganization of the Judiciary

Source: Samuel I. Rosenman, ed., Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt. 1937 Volume:…
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United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Co.

Source: United States Reports. Volume 299, Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court at October Term,…
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Humphrey’s Executor v. US

Source: United States Reports. Volume 295, Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court at October Term,…
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Myers v. US

Source: United States Reports. Volume 272, Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court at October Term,…
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On the Source of Executive Power

Source: Theodore Roosevelt, An Autobiography of Theodore Roosevelt, ed., Stephen Brennan (New York: Skyhorse Publishing,…
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First Inaugural Address (1861)

Source:  Abraham Lincoln, First Inaugural Address, Final Version, March 1861, Abraham Lincoln Papers (Series 1: General Correspondence, 1833 to 1916), Library…
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Speech on Assuming Office of the President

Source: James D. Richardson, ed., A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents,…
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Message to the Senate Protesting the Censure Resolution

Source: James D. Richardson, ed., A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents,…
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Speeches on the Removal Power

Source: Register of Debates, Senate, 23rd Congress, First Session (Washington, D.C: Gales and Seaton) 66,…
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Resolution Rejecting the 12th Amendment

Source: Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Delaware, 1804, 26–27. Courtesy…
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Remarks on the Removal Power

Source: James Madison, Speech on the Removal Power of the President, [16 June] 1789, Founders…
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The Federalist

Source: The Federalist No. 65, [7 March 1788], No. 68, [12 March 1788], No. 70,…
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The American Presidency

Woodrow Wilson was probably right when he said that it is easier to speak of…
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The Powers of Congress

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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Creating the Electoral College

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Judiciary

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Two Authorizations Revisited

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Revised Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Rules of the Convention

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Two Authorizations

Source: Jonathan Elliot,
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Arguments for Constitutional Amendments

Source: 1 Annals of Cong. 424-450 (1789). Mr. MADISON. — I will state my reasons…
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The Jefferson-Madison Exchange

Source: Gordon Lloyd and Margie Lloyd, eds., The Essential Bill of Rights (Lanham, Maryland: University…
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Federalist No. 10

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…
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Gerry, Mason, and Randolph Decline to Sign the Constitution

Source: Gordon Lloyd ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Fugitive Slave Clause

Source: Gordon Lloyd ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Slave Trade Clause

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Committee of Detail Report

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Three-Fifths Clause Revisited

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Gerry Committee Report

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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Partly National, Partly Federal

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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The Hamilton Plan

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…
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Testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities

Source: U.S. Congress, House, Committee on Un-American Activities, Investigation of Communist Activities in the San…
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Sentencing of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg

Source: A copy of the sentencing statement can be found in Jake Kobrick, “The Rosenberg…
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Declaration of Conscience

Source: Congressional Record, 81st Congress, 2d sess., pp. 7894-95. Available at Mr. President, I would…
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Radio Address on Judicial Reorganization

Source: Vital Speeches of the Day 3:11 (March 15, 1937), p. 386. Never in my…
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