Presidents and Political Parties

Learn about how the relationship between American presidents and their parties has shifted over time.…

One-Day Seminar: The Founding and Electoral College, hosted by the USS Midway Museum (San Diego, CA)

Learn about how the Founders sought to formalize their ideas of limited government, a new…

Federalist Papers

McGovern–Fraser Commission Report

Source: Congressional Record, 92nd Congress, First Session, Volume 117, Part 25 (Washington D.C.: United States…

“The Presidency in 1960” (Remarks at the National Press Club)

Source: Papers of John F. Kennedy, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum (Pre-Presidential Papers,…

On the Source of Executive Power

Source: Theodore Roosevelt, An Autobiography of Theodore Roosevelt, ed., Stephen Brennan (New York: Skyhorse Publishing,…

First Inaugural Address (1861)

Source:  Abraham Lincoln, First Inaugural Address, Final Version, March 1861, Abraham Lincoln Papers (Series 1: General Correspondence, 1833 to 1916), Library…

The American Presidency

Woodrow Wilson was probably right when he said that it is easier to speak of…

Creating the Electoral College

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

The Madison-Sherman Exchange

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

Federalist No. 10

Source: George W. Carey and James McClellan, eds., The Federalist: The Gideon Edition, (Indianapolis: Liberty…

Address to the League of Women Voters, Wheeling, West Virginia

Source: McCarthy spoke from a prepared text, but he apparently deviated from it at points…

“Fireside Chat” on “Purging” the Democratic Party

Source: Franklin D. Roosevelt, “Fireside Chat,” June 24, 1938. Online by Gerhard Peters and John…

“This Challenge to Liberty”

Source: Herbert Hoover, Addresses Upon the American Road, 1933-1938 (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1938),…

“A Third Party”

Source: Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. II, No. 20 (July 1, 1936), pp. 613.…

“Betrayal of the Democratic Party”

Source: “The Facts in the Case,” Speech of Alfred E. Smith at the American Liberty…

Letter to Senator Simeon Fess (R-OH)

Source: “Herbert Hoover analyzes 5 periods in the development of the history of the Depression,”…

Statement on the Dispersal of the Bonus Army

Source: Herbert Hoover, “The President’s News Conference,” July 29, 1932. Online by Gerhard Peters and…

Inaugural Address (1877)

Source: Rutherford B. Hayes: Inaugural Address, March 5, 1877. Online by Gerhard Peters and John…

Party Platforms of 1868

Source: Republican Party Platform of 1868, May 20, 1868. Online by Gerhard Peters and John…

Address Before the General Assembly of the State of Georgia

Source: Alexander H. Stephens, In Public and Private, With Letters and Speeches, Before, During, and…

Reorganizing Constitutional Government in Mississippi

Source: Andrew Johnson, “Proclamation 136 – Reorganizing a Constitutional Government in Mississippi,” June 13, 1865.…

Letter to Nathaniel Banks

Source: Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, edited by Roy Basler, Volume 6 (The Abraham Lincoln…

Debate on the Civil Rights Act

Originally Broadcast on CBS Reports: Filibuster—Birth Struggle of a Law, March 18, 1964. Available at…

Address to the League of Women Voters, Wheeling, West Virginia

McCarthy spoke from a prepared text, but he apparently deviated from it at points and…

Statement on the Share Our Wealth Society

Congressional Record, 74th Cong., 1st sess., Vol. 79 (May 23, 1935), pp. 8040-43. The Share…

Letter to Senator Simeon Fess (R-OH)

National Archives Catalog, Simeon D. Fess Papers, 1933. https://goo.gl/gMy7Zj. . . . Today we are…

Acceptance Speech at the Democratic Convention (1932)

Franklin D. Roosevelt, “Address Accepting the Presidential Nomination at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago,”…

“Principles and Ideals of the United States Government”

Herbert Hoover, “Principles and Ideals of United States Government,” October 22, 1928, Public Papers of…

Documents and Debates in American History and Government: Vol. 2, 1865-2009

This collection of documents presents American history from 1865 to 2009 as a series of…

Great Speech of Clay

Lyrics to Jackson and the Nullifiers

Jackson and the nullifiers . . . Printed and sold, wholesale and retail, at 257…

Brutus I

In The American Republic: Primary Sources, ed. Bruce Frohnen (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2002); available online…

The Great Depression and the New Deal

The late 1920s were a time of great optimism in the United States, and few…

Consequences of the Proposed “New Deal”

Source: “Address at Madison Square Garden in New York City,” October 31, 1932. Online by…

Theodore Roosevelt to Lincoln Steffens

My dear Steffens: In view of Mr. Cosgrave’s statement that I had read the proof…

Malcolm X At the Audubon Ballroom

Salaam Alaikum. I suppose I should take time to explain what I mean when I…

The Ballot or the Bullet

Mr. Moderator, Brother Lomax, brothers and sisters, friends and enemies: I just can’t believe everyone…

The Heirs of Abraham Lincoln

The Progressive movement which culminated last August in the creation of the Progressive party is…

Letter to Frederick Steele

Sundry citizens of the State of Arkansas petition me that an election may be held…

Letter to George Ashmun

Hon: George Ashmun: President of the Republican National Convention. Sir: I accept the nomination tendered…

Letter to Owen Lovejoy

Hon: Owen Lovejoy: My Dear Sir: Yours of the 7th. Was received the day before…

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates 7th Debate Part II

Return to Part I This is the entire quotation brought forward to prove that somebody…

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates 7th Debate Part I

MR. DOUGLAS’ SPEECH. LADIES AND GENTLEMEN: It is now nearly four months since the canvass…

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates 6th Debate Part II

A VOICE—”That’s the doctrine. ”                                                               Return to Part I MR. DOUGLAS—Yes, sir, that is good…

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates 6th Debate Part I

MR. LINCOLN’S SPEECH. At precisely half past two o’clock Mr. Lincoln was introduced to the…

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates 4th Debate Part II

Return to Part I I will show you another charge made by Mr. Lincoln against…

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates 4th Debate Part I

MR. LINCOLN’S SPEECH. Mr. Lincoln took the stand at a quarter before three, and was…

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates 3rd Debate Part II

INTERROGATORIES.                                                                          Return to Part I 1st. Will you, if elected, vote for and cordially support…

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates 3rd Debate Part I

MR. DOUGLAS’ SPEECH.  LADIES AND GENTLEMEN: I appear before you today in pursuance of a…
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