Plenty Horses Kills Lieutenant Casey

Source: Julia B. McGillycuddy, McGillycuddy Agent: A Biography of Dr. Valentine T. McGillycuddy (Stanford, CA:…

The Ghost Dance Religion among the Sioux

Source: James Mooney, The Ghost Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890, Fourteenth Annual…

Northwest Ordinance

Source: https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&doc=8. Section 1. Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, That…

First Annual Message to Congress (1881)

Source: Chester A. Arthur, First Annual Message, online, by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley,…

Report on Indian Affairs

Source:  https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/05-17-02-0223-0002. The secretary of war respectfully submits to the president of the United States…

Americanizing the Indian

Source: Proceedings of Fifth Annual Meeting of the Lake Mohonk Conference of the Friends of…

Worcester v. Georgia

Source: 31 U.S. 515, https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/31/515#writing-USSC_CR_0031_0515_ZO. Mr. Chief Justice MARSHALL delivered the opinion of the Court.…

The Visit of Red Cloud to Washington, D.C.

Source: Second Annual Report of the Board of Indian Commissioners to the Secretary of the…

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Source: Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, made to the Secretary of the Interior…

Letters and Journals from the Oregon Trail

Source: Narcissa Prentiss Whitman and Marcus Whitman, Mrs. Whitman's Letters 1843–1847 (Portland, OR, 1894), 104–106, available at…

“The Right of the People, Men and Women, to Petition”

Source: Speech of John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts, upon the Right of the People, Men…

CIRCULAR: Addressed to Benevolent Ladies of the United States

Source: CIRCULAR: Addressed to Benevolent Ladies of the United States . . . [Boston]: [Printed…

Religious Liberty: Core Court Cases

Amendment I.  Ratified December 15, 1791 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion,…

The Life and Apostolic Labors of the Venerable Father Junípero Serra

Seeing that for these reasons the third Mission could not be begun, our Venerable Father,…

The Sovereignty and Goodness of God

Source: Mary Rowlandson, The Sovereignty and Goodness of God . . . (1682). We have…

Surrender of Lee to Grant, Appomattox Court House

Louis-Mathieu Didier Guillaume, Surrender of Lee to Grant, Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, VA.…

“The Home Life of the Indian”

The Indian’s Friend, A Monthly Published by the Women’s National Indian Association, Vol. IV, Philadelphia,…

Letter to Harriet Converse

Publications of the Buffalo Historical Society, Volume VIII, ed. Frank H. Severance (Buffalo, NY: Buffalo…

Speech to Red Cloud and Red Dog

“The Indians at the White House,” The Evening Star, May 28, 1872. Available at https://goo.gl/x5d18q.…

Colonial Virginia Laws Related to Slavery

William Waller Hening, ed., The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws…

Richard Frethorne to His Parents

Susan Myra Kingsbury, ed., The Records of the Virginia Company of London (Washington, D.C.: United…

A Short Description of the Destruction of the Indies

Source: We have used a modernized version of an early English translation of the work…

De Indis

Source: Francisci de Victoria, De Indis et De ivre belli, relectiones. . . , ed. Ernest…

Requerimiento

Source: Juan López de Palacios Rubios (1450–1524) was a Spanish jurist. The text may be…

Letter to Doña Juana de Torres

Letter of Columbus to the Nurse of Prince John, American Journeys Collection, Document No. AJ-067,…

Letter to Raphael Sanchez

Source: Writings of Christopher Columbus: Descriptive of the Discovery and Occupation of the New World, Paul…

Strictures upon the Declaration of the Congress at Philadelphia in a Letter to a Noble Lord, &c.

The Last time I had the honour of being in your Lordships company, you observed…

Indian Removal Act

An Act to provide for an exchange of lands with the Indians residing in any…

State of the Union Address Part II (1905)

Return to Part I The first conference of nations held at The Hague in 1899,…

State of the Union Address Part II (1904)

Return to Part I I have repeatedly called attention to the confusion which exists in…

State of the Union Address (1902)

To the Senate and House of Representatives: We still continue in a period of unbounded…

State of the Union Address Part II (1901)

Return to Part I In Cuba such progress has been made toward putting the independent…

State of the Union Address (1897)

To the Senate and House of Representatives: It gives me pleasure to extend greeting to…

State of the Union Address Part II (1896)

Return to Part I Weight of mail matter (other than above) transmitted through the mails…

State of the Union Address Part II (1894)

Return to Part I The manufacture of armor requires expensive plants and the aggregation of…

State of the Union Address (1893)

To the Congress of the United States: The constitutional duty which requires the President from…

State of the Union Address (1892)

To the Senate and House of Representatives: In submitting my annual message to Congress I…

State of the Union Address (1891)

To the Senate and House of Representatives: The reports of the heads of the several…

State of the Union Address (1889)

To the Senate and House of Representatives: There are few transactions in the administration of…

State of the Union Address (1886)

To the Congress of the United States: In discharge of a constitutional duty, and following…

State of the Union Address Part II (1885)

Return to Part I It may be said in brief, as the result of these…

State of the Union Address (1879)

Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives: The members of the Forty-sixth Congress have…

State of the Union Address (1878)

Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives: Our heartfelt gratitude is due to the…

State of the Union Address (1876)

To the Senate and House of Representatives: In submitting my eighth and last annual message…

State of the Union Address (1871)

To the Senate and House of Representatives: In addressing my third annual message to the…

State of the Union Address (1869)

The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant, ed. John Y. Simon (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press,…

State of the Union Address (1857)

Fellow--Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives: In obedience to the command of the…

State of the Union Address (1852)

Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and of the House of Representatives: The brief space which has…

State of the Union Address Part I (1848)

Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and of the House of Representatives: Under the benignant providence of…

State of the Union Address (1847)

Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and of the House of Representatives: The annual meeting of Congress…
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