The American Revolution

Captain John Parker, commander of the Lexington militia, had received Paul Revere’s warning. Great Britain’s…

“Remember the Ladies”

Sources: Abigail Adams to John Adams, March 31, 1776, Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/04-01-02-0241; J.…

Massachusetts Antislavery Petition

Source: “To the Honorable Counsel & House of [Representa]tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay…

Chapter 19: The Progressive Era: Eugenics

A. Governor Samuel W. Pennypacker, Veto of Eugenics Law, March 30, 1905 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania…

Chapter 14: John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry

A. Lydia Maria Child, Governor Henry Wise of Virginia, and John Brown, Correspondence, October 1859…

Chapter 12: The Peculiar Institution: Positive Good or Pernicious Sin?

A. American Anti-Slavery Society, Declaration of Sentiments, December 6, 1833 The Convention assembled in the…

Causes of the Civil War

This volume of primary documents on the causes of the Civil War presents the history…

Democratic Party Platforms

Source: 1860 Democratic Party Platform, online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American…

South Carolina’s Declaration of the Causes of Secession

Source: Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina…

Address before the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society

Source:  Life and Works of Abraham Lincoln, Centenary Edition, Volume II, Marion Mills Miller, ed.,…

Republican Party Platform

Source: Republican Party Platform of 1860, online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The…

Reply to the Dred Scott Decision

Source: Frank Crosby, LIFE OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN, HIS EARLY HISTORY AND POLITICAL CAREER; TOGETHER WITH…

The Webster-Hayne Debates

Source: Daniel Webster, The Webster-Hayne Debate on the Nature of the Constitution: Selected Documents, ed. Herman Belz…

“On the Constitution and the Union”

Source: William Lloyd Garrison, “The Great Crisis,” The Liberator, 52, 2 (December 29, 1832), 206–207.…

Speech on Abolition Petitions

Source: John C. Calhoun, Speeches of John C. Calhoun: delivered in the Congress of the…

Letter to John Holmes

Source: Thomas Jefferson to John Holmes. -04-22, 1820. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mtjbib023795/. I…

Appeal of the Independent Democrats in Congress to the American People

Source: Congressional Globe, Senate, 33rd Congress, First Session, 281–282, https://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage. As senators and representatives in…

Compromise of 1850

Source: Congressional Globe, 31st Congress, 1st Session, 244–47, https://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llcg&fileName=022/llcg022.db&recNum=331. Clay presented his resolutions in a…

Speech on the Oregon Bill

Source: Speech of Mr. Calhoun, of South Carolina, on the Oregon Bill, Delivered in the…

“An Irrepressible Conflict”

Source: The Irrepressible Conflict: A Speech Delivered at Rochester, Monday, Oct. 25, 1858 (New York:…

“Homecoming” Speech at Chicago

Source: Political debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas in the celebrated campaign of…

“What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”

Source: Frederick Douglass: Selected Speeches and Writings, ed. Philip S. Foner (Chicago: Lawrence Hill, 1999),…

First Inaugural Address

Source: Abraham Lincoln, Inaugural Address Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American…

Kansas: To Those that Desire that Kansas Should be Free.

Source: Printed Ephemera Collection, Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/rbpe.02000100/  

Poster Advertising Sale of a “Valuable Gang of Young Negroes”

Source: Duke University Libraries Digital Collections, https://repository.duke.edu/dc/broadsides/bdsla10566.

Fragment on the Constitution and Union

Source: New Letters and Papers of Lincoln, compiled by Paul M. Angle (Boston: Houghton Mifflin…

Distribution of the Slave Population by State

Source:  Henry S. Graham Washington, 1861. Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/99447026/.  

Caution!! Colored people of Boston

Source:  Library of Congress, http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.rbc/rbpe.06002200/.  

The Fugitive’s Song

Source:  Ephraim W. Bouve and Henry Prentiss. The Fugitive's Song. Boston, 1845. Library of Congress, LC-DIG-ppmsca-07616

Broadside Advertisement for Runaway Slave

Source: Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/rbpe.18604300/.  

Free & Slave-holding States and Territories

Source: Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/95682125/.

Forcing Slavery Down the Throat of a Free-Soiler

Source: Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-92043  

Dred Scott v. Sandford

Source: 60 U.S. 933, https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/60/393. Mr. Chief Justice Taney delivered the opinion of the court.…

The Union Must and Shall Be Preserved

Source: The Union must and shall be preserved. Air.- Star Spangled Banner. H. De Marsan,…

One-Day Seminar: Slavery and the Constitution, hosted by St. Thomas High School (Houston, TX)

Study deeply the problem of slavery within the context of the Constitutional Convention, the Constitution…

Implementing Brown v. Board of Education: One Southern Town’s Story

Part I: Behind the Scenes, an Interracial Team Plans Integration Ellen Deitz Tucker In May…

Women’s Voices: Religion in American History and Politics

While women have historically made up an overwhelming percentage of America's religious practitioners, their roles…

Religion and the Pure Principles of Morality: The Sure Foundation on Which We Must Build

Source: Meditations from the Pen of Mrs. Maria W. Stewart (Washington, D. C., 1879). We…

One-Day Seminar: Missouri, Dred Scott, and the Coming of the Civil War, hosted by Canyons School District (Salt Lake City area, UT)

[caption id="attachment_23685" align="aligncenter" width="500"] Louis Schultze. Dred Scott, 1888. Public domain, from the Missouri Historical…

One-Day Seminar: Civil Rights Speeches & Leaders hosted by Stevens Point High School (Stevens Point, WI)

[caption id="attachment_18260" align="aligncenter" width="321"] Reverend Theodore M. Hesburgh and Martin Luther King Jr. at the…

The Justices’ View on Brown v. Board of Education

Source: Harold H. Burton to Earl Warren, and Felix Frankfurter to Warren, May 17, 1954,…

I Have A Dream

Source: Text is from the online version provided by The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research…

The Three-Fifths Clause and Federal Representation

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

The Fugitive Slave Clause

Source: Gordon Lloyd ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

The Slave Trade Clause

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

Statement on the War in Vietnam

Source: Wisconsin Historical Society, Freedom Summer Collection, Lucile Montgomery Papers, 1963-1967, Historical Society Library Microforms…

The Negro in American Life (Guidance for the Voice of America)

Source: Record Group 59, Records of the Department of State, Records Relating to International Information…

“Black Cotton Farmers and the AAA”

Source: Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life, 13:3 (March 1935), p. 72. Available at http://newdeal.feri.org/opp/opp3572.htm.…

“Black Labor and the Codes”

Source: Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life, 11:8 (August 1933), p. 231. If there were…
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