To Secure These Rights :The Report of the President’s Committee on Civil Rights

Source: To Secure These Rights: The Report of the President's Committee on Civil Rights (Washington,…

“Why Should We March?”

Source: A. Philip Randolph, “Why Should We March?” Survey Graphic , 31 (November 1942), pp…

“Black Cotton Farmers and the AAA”

Source: Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life, 13:3 (March 1935), p. 72. Available at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=inu.32000007516315&view=1up&seq=396…

Along This Way

Source: James Weldon Johnson, Along This Way: The Autobiography of James Weldon Johnson (New York:…

Final Report on Negro Subversion

Source: RG165, Records of the War Department, General Staff, Military Intelligence Division, File 10218-361-1, pages…

“Returning Soldiers”

Source: W.E.B. DuBois, “Returning Soldiers,” The Crisis, XVIII (May, 1919), p. 13. We are returning from…

Open Letters to Woodrow Wilson

Source: Editorial: “An Open Letter to Woodrow Wilson,” The Crisis (March 1913): 236–37; Editorial: “Another…

Speech in the Senate

Source: Congressional Record, 56th Congress, 1st Session, 3223-3224. Mr. President, I regret that I feel…

“Lynch Law in America”

Source: The Arena 23 (January 1900), 15-24. OUR country's national crime is lynching. It is…

Atlanta Exposition Address

Source: Booker T. Washington, Cotton States Exposition, Daniel Murray Pamphlet Collection, and Susan B. Anthony…

The Race Problem in America

Source: Alexander Crummell, The Race Problem in America (Washington, DC: William R. Morrison, 1889), available…

“The United States Cannot Remain Half-Slave and Half-Free”

Source: Frederick Douglass, Address by Hon. Frederick Douglass, Delivered in the Congregational Church, Washington, D.C.,…

Colfax Massacre Reports

Source: “Condition of the South,” Report Number 261, in Reports of Committees of the House…

Black Codes of Mississippi

Source: Laws of the State of Mississippi, passed at a Regular Session of the Mississippi…

“Mud Sill” Speech

Source: Speech of the Honorable John H. Hammond, of South Carolina, on the Admission of…

“What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”

Source: Frederick Douglass: Selected Speeches and Writings, ed. Philip S. Foner (Chicago: Lawrence Hill, 1999),…

Lecture Delivered at Franklin Hall

Source: Productions of Mrs. Maria W. Stewart, Presented to the First African Baptist Church and…

Constitutional Convention: The Slave Trade Clause

Source: Gordon Lloyd, ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

Envisioning an African American Regiment

Source: John Laurens to Henry Laurens, February 2, 1778, in William Gilmore Simms, ed., The…

Massachusetts Antislavery Petition

Source: “To the Honorable Counsel & House of [Representa]tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay…

Notes on the State of Virginia

Source: Thomas Jefferson, The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition (New York and London, G.P. Putnam’s Sons,…

“A Latina Judge’s Voice”

Source: Judge Mario G. Olmos Memorial Lecture, University of California, Berkeley School of Law Symposium…

“The Black Mammy Monument”

Source: Mary Church Terrell Papers: Speeches and Writings 1866–1953, 1923, Library of Congress: https://www.loc.gov/item/mss425490418/. Colored…

“Lynch Law in America”

Source: The Arena 23 (January 1900): 15–24. Our country's national crime is lynching. It is…

Brandenburg v. Ohio

Source: 395 U.S. 444, https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/395/444. PER CURIAM. The appellant,[1] a leader of a Ku Klux…

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People v. State of Alabama

Source: 357 U.S. 449, https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/357/449. Mr. Justice HARLAN delivered the opinion of the Court. We…

Lynch Law in America

Source: The Arena 23 (January 1900): 15–24. Our country's national crime is lynching. It is…

Gender and Equality

"The influence of woman is not limited to the domestic circle. Society is her empire."…

The Niagara Movement’s “Address to the Country”

Source: W. E. B. Du Bois, “Address to the Country,” speech at Harpers Ferry, West…

Open Letters to Woodrow Wilson

Source: Editorial: “An Open Letter to Woodrow Wilson,” The Crisis (March 1913): 236–37; Editorial: “Another…

Dred Scott v. Sandford

 Source: 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393; https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/60/393 Chief Justice TANEY delivered the opinion of the court,…

Korematsu v. US

Source: 323 U.S. 214; https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/323/214 Justice BLACK delivered the opinion of the Court, joined by…

Brown v. Board of Education

Source: 347 U.S. 483; https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/347/483 Chief Justice WARREN delivered the unanimous opinion of the Court,…

Reynolds v. Sims

Source: 377 U.S. 533; https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/377/533 Chief Justice WARREN delivered the opinion of the Court, joined…

Plessy v. Ferguson

Source: 163 U.S. 537; https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/163/537 Justice BROWN delivered the opinion of the Court, joined by…

Green Party Platform 2000

Source: “Official Green Party Platform, as adopted at the National Nominating Convention” (Denver, CO: June…

The Supreme Court: Core Cases

This volume presents 25 core decisions of the Supreme Court. Arranged in chronological order, they…

The American Revolution

Captain John Parker, commander of the Lexington militia, had received Paul Revere’s warning. Great Britain’s…

“Remember the Ladies”

Sources: Abigail Adams to John Adams, March 31, 1776, Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/04-01-02-0241; J.…

Massachusetts Antislavery Petition

Source: “To the Honorable Counsel & House of [Representa]tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay…

Chapter 19: The Progressive Era: Eugenics

A. Governor Samuel W. Pennypacker, Veto of Eugenics Law, March 30, 1905 https://document-readings.s3.amazonaws.com/Documents+and+Debates/Volume+2/Chapter+19/ch19+Pennypacker+Veto+of+Eugenics+Law+1905.mp3 Commonwealth of…

Chapter 14: John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry

A. Lydia Maria Child, Governor Henry Wise of Virginia, and John Brown, Correspondence, October 1859…

Chapter 12: The Peculiar Institution: Positive Good or Pernicious Sin?

A. American Anti-Slavery Society, Declaration of Sentiments, December 6, 1833 https://document-readings.s3.amazonaws.com/Documents+and+Debates/Volume+1/ch12/ch12+American+AntiSlavery+Society+1833.mp3 The Convention assembled in…

Causes of the Civil War

This volume of primary documents on the causes of the Civil War presents the history…

Democratic Party Platforms

Source: 1860 Democratic Party Platform, online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American…

South Carolina’s Declaration of the Causes of Secession

Source: Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina…

Republican Party Platform

Source: Republican Party Platform of 1860, online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The…

Reply to the Dred Scott Decision

Source: Frank Crosby, LIFE OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN, HIS EARLY HISTORY AND POLITICAL CAREER; TOGETHER WITH…

Address before the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society

Source:  Life and Works of Abraham Lincoln, Centenary Edition, Volume II, Marion Mills Miller, ed.,…

The Webster-Hayne Debates

Source: Daniel Webster, The Webster-Hayne Debate on the Nature of the Constitution: Selected Documents, ed. Herman Belz…
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