The American Revolution

Captain John Parker, commander of the Lexington militia, had received Paul Revere’s warning. Great Britain’s…

Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms

Source: The Declaration as Adopted by Congress, [6 July 1775], Founders Online, National Archives).  https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-01-02-0113-0005 IF IT…

Common Sense

Source: Moncure Daniel Conway, ed., The Writings of Thomas Paine, 4 vols. (New York: G.…

“The Farmer Refuted…”

Source: Alexander Hamilton, The Farmer Refuted, &c., [February 23,] 1775, Founders Online, National Archives (first…

“Give me liberty or give me death!”

Source: Patrick Henry, Speech on a Resolution to Put Virginia into a State of Defense,…

An Account of the Boston Tea Party

Source: “An Impartial Observer,” Boston Gazette, December 20, 1773. Having accidentally arrived at Boston upon…

A Summary View of the Rights of British America

Source: [Thomas Jefferson,] A Summary View of the Rights of British America: Set Forth in…

The Association Enacted by the First Continental Congress

Source: Worthington Chauncey Ford, et al., eds., Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789, 34 vols.…

Philadelphia Welcomes the First Continental Congress

Source: Dunlap’s Pennsylvania Packet or, the General Advertiser (Philadelphia), September 19, 1774. On Friday last[1]…

We Shall be under the Domination of a Riotous Mob

Source: Peter Force, ed., American Archives: A Documentary History of the English Colonies, 4th ser.,…

Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved

Source: Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved, in The Collected Political Writings of…

Resolutions of the Stamp Act Congress

Source: Hezekiah Niles, ed., Principles and Acts of the Revolution in America… (Baltimore: William Ogden…

Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, Letter II

Source: Paul Leicester Ford, ed., The Writings of John Dickinson (Philadelphia: Historical Society of Pennsylvania,…

The Rights of the Colonists

Source: Samuel Adams, “The Rights of the Colonists,” in Harry Alonzo Cushing, ed., The Writings…

Charleston Nonimportation Agreement

Source: Charles McLean Andrews, “Boston Merchants and the Non-Importation Agreement,” Publications of the Colonial Society…

Speech Against Writs of Assistance

Source: John Adams’s Reconstruction of Otis’s Speech in the Writs of Assistance Case, in The…

Treaty of Paris

Source: Richard Peters, et al., eds., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States…

Petition of the Philadelphia Synagogue to the Council of Censors of Pennsylvania

Source: “Petition of the Philadelphia Synagogue to the Council of Censors of Pennsylvania,” The Freeman’s…

Stratford, Connecticut’s Thomas Gage—and Monmouth County, New Jersey’s Dunmore

Source: New-England Chronicle (Boston), May 30, 1776. The following odd affair happened at Stratford on…

“Remember the Ladies”

Sources: Abigail Adams to John Adams, March 31, 1776, Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/04-01-02-0241; J.…

Thoughts on Government

Source: John Adams, Thoughts on Government…. (Philadelphia: John Dunlap, 1776), in Charles Francis Adams, ed.,…

Virginia Declaration of Rights

Source: Francis Newton Thorpe, ed., The Federal and State Constitutions, Colonial Charters, and Other Organic…

Draft of The Declaration of Independence

Source: H. A. Washington, ed., The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, 9 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Taylor…

Celebrations of American Independence in Boston and Watertown, Massachusetts

Source: The American Gazette, or the Constitutional Journal (Salem, Mass.), July 23, 1776. WATERTOWN, JULY…

Massachusetts Antislavery Petition

Source: “To the Honorable Counsel & House of [Representa]tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay…

The American Crisis

Source: Moncure Daniel Conway, ed., The Writings of Thomas Paine, 4 vols. (New York: G.…

Articles of Confederation

Source: Charles Tansill, ed., Documents Illustrative of the Formation of the Union of the United…

Notes on the State of Virginia

Source: Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia (London: John Stockdale, 1787), 270–75. https://archive.org/details/notesonstateofvi1787jeff/page/270…

A View of the Controversy between Great Britain and her Colonies

Source: A. W. Farmer, A View of the Controversy between Great-Britain and her Colonies (New…

Chapter 18: Urban Growth: The Pullman Strike

A. United States Strike Commission, Report on the Chicago Strike, June-July 1894, December 10, 1894…

Religious Liberty: Core Court Cases

Amendment I.  Ratified December 15, 1791 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion,…

West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette

Source: 319 U.S. 586 (1943), https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/319/624. All footnotes added by the editors. JUSTICE JACKSON delivered…

“IS IT A CRIME FOR A U.S. CITIZEN TO VOTE?”

Susan B. Anthony, “Is It a Crime for a U.S. Citizen to Vote?” in Rochester…

Causes of the Civil War

This volume of primary documents on the causes of the Civil War presents the history…

Democratic Party Platforms

Source: 1860 Democratic Party Platform, online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American…

South Carolina’s Declaration of the Causes of Secession

Source: Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina…

Republican Party Platform

Source: Republican Party Platform of 1860, online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The…

Address before the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society

Source:  Life and Works of Abraham Lincoln, Centenary Edition, Volume II, Marion Mills Miller, ed.,…

Reply to the Dred Scott Decision

Source: Frank Crosby, LIFE OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN, HIS EARLY HISTORY AND POLITICAL CAREER; TOGETHER WITH…

The Webster-Hayne Debates

Source: Daniel Webster, The Webster-Hayne Debate on the Nature of the Constitution: Selected Documents, ed. Herman Belz…

“On the Constitution and the Union”

Source: William Lloyd Garrison, “The Great Crisis,” The Liberator, 52, 2 (December 29, 1832), 206–207.…

Speech on Abolition Petitions

Source: John C. Calhoun, Speeches of John C. Calhoun: delivered in the Congress of the…

Letter to John Holmes

Source: Thomas Jefferson to John Holmes. -04-22, 1820. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mtjbib023795/. I…

Appeal of the Independent Democrats in Congress to the American People

Source: Congressional Globe, Senate, 33rd Congress, First Session, 281–282, https://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage. As senators and representatives in…

Compromise of 1850

Source: Congressional Globe, 31st Congress, 1st Session, 244–47, https://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llcg&fileName=022/llcg022.db&recNum=331. Clay presented his resolutions in a…

Speech on the Oregon Bill

Source: Speech of Mr. Calhoun, of South Carolina, on the Oregon Bill, Delivered in the…

“Homecoming” Speech at Chicago

Source: Political debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas in the celebrated campaign of…

“What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”

Source: Frederick Douglass: Selected Speeches and Writings, ed. Philip S. Foner (Chicago: Lawrence Hill, 1999),…

“An Irrepressible Conflict”

Source: The Irrepressible Conflict: A Speech Delivered at Rochester, Monday, Oct. 25, 1858 (New York:…

First Inaugural Address

Source: Abraham Lincoln, Inaugural Address Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American…
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