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Timeline of the Antifederalists

1787

May 1787

May 16, 1787: Z: The Continental Convention (Pennsylvania)

June 1787

June 20, 1787: John Lansing, George Mason, and Luther Martin (Constitutional Convention)
June 27-28,1787: Luther Martin’s Objections (Constitutional Convention)

September 1787

Sept 10, 1787: Objections of Edmund Randolph (Constitutional Convention)
Sept 13, 1787: Objections to the Constitution by George Mason (Virginia)
Sept 15, 1787: Objections of Elbridge Gerry (Constitutional Convention)
Sept 27, 1787: Cato I (New York)
Sept 29, 1787: Curtius No. I (New York)

October 1787

Oct 1, 1787: Letter from Richard Henry Lee to George Mason (Virginia)
Oct 5, 1787: Centinel I (Pennsylvania)
Oct 8, 1787: Federal Farmer I (Virginia)
Oct 9, 1787: Federal Farmer II (Virginia)
Oct 10, 1787: Federal Farmer III (Virginia)
Oct 10, 1787: Randolph Letter, On the Federal Constitution (Virginia)
Oct 11, 1787: Cato II (New York)
Oct 12, 1787: Federal Farmer IV (Virginia)
Oct 12, 1787: An Old Whig I (Pennsylvania)
Oct 13, 1787: Federal Farmer V (Virginia)
Oct 16, 1787: Richard Henry Lee to Edmund Randolph (New York)
Oct 17, 1787: A Democratic Federalist (Pennsylvania)
Oct 17, 1787: An Old Whig II (Pennsylvania)
Oct 18, 1787: Brutus I (New York)
Oct 18, 1787: Elbridge Gerry’s Objections (Massachusetts)
Oct 20, 1787: An Old Whig III (Pennsylvania)
Oct 22, 1787: John DeWitt I (Massachusetts)
Oct 24, 1787: Centinel II (Pennsylvania)
Oct 25, 1787: A Republican No. 1 (New York)
Oct 25, 1787: Cato III (New York)
Oct 26,1787: Georgia calls for state convention (Georgia)
Oct 27, 1787: John DeWitt II (Massachusetts)
Oct 27, 1787: An Old Whig IV (Pennsylvania)

November 1787

Nov 1, 1787: An Old Whig V (Pennsylvania)
Nov 1, 1787: Brutus II (New York)
Nov 1, 1788: Cincinnatus No. 1 (New York)
Nov 3, 1788: Elbridge Gerry to the Massachusetts General Court (Massachusetts)
Nov 5, 1787: John DeWitt III (Massachusetts)
Nov 7, 1787: Philadelphiensis I (Pennsylvania)
Nov 8, 1787: Centinel III (Pennsylvania)
Nov 8, 1787: Brutus, Junior (New York)
Nov 8, 1787: Cato IV (New York)
Nov 8, 1787: Cincinnatus No. 2 (New York)
Nov 8, 1787: Federal Farmer: Letters to the Republican (Virginia)
Nov 15, 1787: Brutus III (New York)
Nov 15, 1787: Essay by a Georgian (Georgia)
Nov 21, 1787: George Mason’s Objections (Virginia)
Nov 22, 1787: Brutus on Mason’s Objections (Virginia)
Nov 22, 1787: Cato V (New York)
Nov 22, 1787: Cincinnatus No. 4 (New York)
Nov 23, 1787: Agrippa I (Massachusetts)
Nov 24, 1787: An Old Whig VI (Pennsylvania)
Nov 27, 1787: Agrippa II (Massachusetts)
Nov 28, 1787: Remarks on the Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention (Pennsylvania)
Nov 28, 1787: Philadelphiensis II (Pennsylvania)
Nov 28, 1787: An Old Whig VII (Pennsylvania)
Nov 28, 1787: A Federal Republican: A Review of the Constitution (Virginia)
Nov 29, 1787: Brutus IV (New York)
Nov 29, 1787: James McHenry’s Speech to Maryland State House of Delegates (Maryland)
Nov 29, 1787: Luther Martin Speech to Maryland State House of Delegates (Maryland)
Nov 29, 1787: A Countryman III (Connecticut)
Nov 30, 1787: Centinel IV (Pennsylvania)
Nov 30, 1787: Agrippa III (Massachusetts)

December 1787

Dec 1787: John DeWitt IV (Massachusetts)
Dec 3, 1787: Agrippa IV (Massachusetts)
Dec 5, 1787: Philadelphiensis III (Pennsylvania)
Dec 6, 1787: A Countryman IV (Connecticut)
Dec 6, 1787: Z. (Massachusetts)
Dec 6, 1787: Cincinnatus VI (New York)
Dec 11, 1787: Agrippa V (Massachusetts)
Dec 12, 1787: Philadelphiensis IV (Pennsylvania)
Dec 12, 1787: Cato Essay (New York)
Dec 13, 1787: Brutus V (New York)
Dec 13, 1787: Alfred (Pennsylvania)
Dec 14, 1787: Agrippa VI (Massachusetts)
Dec 16, 1787: Cato VI (New York)
Dec 18, 1787: Agrippa VII (Massachusetts)
Dec 18, 1787: The Dissent of the Minority of the Convention of Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania)
Dec 19, 1787: Philadelphiensis V (Pennsylvania)
Dec 20, 1787: A Countryman V (Connecticut)
Dec 21, 1787: Robert Yates and John Lansing, Reasons of Dissent (New York)
Dec 25, 1787: Centinel VI (Pennsylvania)
Dec 25, 1787: One of the People: Antifederalists Maryland Journal (Maryland)
Dec 25, 1787: Federal Farmer VI (Virginia)
Dec 25, 1787: Agrippa VIII (Massachusetts)
Dec 26, 1787: Philadelphiensis IV (Pennsylvania)
Dec 27, 1787: Centinel VII (Pennsylvania)
Dec 27, 1787: Brutus VI (New York)
Dec 28, 1787: Agrippa IX (Massachusetts)
Dec 28, 1787: Luther Martin: Genuine Information I (Maryland)
Dec 29, 1787: Centinel VIII (Pennsylvania)
Dec 31, 1787: Federal Farmer VII (Virginia)

1788

January 1788

Jan 1788: Address by a Plebian (New York)
Jan 1, 1788: Agrippa X (Massachusetts)
Jan 1, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information II (Maryland)
Jan 3, 1788: Cato VII (New York)
Jan 3, 1788: Federal Farmer VIII (New York)
Jan 3, 1788: Brutus VII (New York)
Jan 4, 1788: Federal Farmer IX (Virginia)
Jan 4, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information III (Maryland)
Jan 7, 1788: Federal Farmer X (Virginia)
Jan 8, 1788: Centinel IX (Pennsylvania)
Jan 8, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information IV (Maryland)
Jan 8, 1788: Agrippa XI (Massachusetts)
Jan 10, 1788: Brutus VIII (New York)
Jan 10, 1788: Philadelphiensis VII (Pennsylvania)
Jan 11, 1788: Federal Farmer XI (Virginia)
Jan 11, 1788: Agrippa XII Part 1 (Massachusetts)
Jan 11, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information V (Maryland)
Jan 12, 1788: Federal Farmer XII (Virginia)
Jan 12, 1788: Centinel X (Pennsylvania)
Jan 14, 1788: Agrippa XII Part 2 (Massachusetts)
Jan 14, 1788: Federal Farmer XIII (Virginia)
Jan 14, 1788: The Report of the New York’s Delegates to the Constitutional Convention (New York)
Jan 15, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information VI (Maryland)
Jan 16, 1788: Centinel XI (Pennsylvania)
Jan 17, 1788: Brutus IX (New York)
Jan 17, 1788: Federal Farmer XIV (Virginia)
Jan 17, 1788: Charles Turner Speech, Massachusetts Convention (Massachusetts)
Jan 18, 1788: Agrippa XII Part 3 (Massachusetts)
Jan 18, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information VII (Maryland)
Jan 18, 1788: Federal Farmer XV (Virginia)
Jan 22, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information VIII (Maryland)
Jan 22, 1788: Agrippa XIII (Massachusetts)
Jan 23, 1788: Centinel XII (Pennsylvania)
Jan 23, 1788: Federal Farmer XVI (Virginia)
Jan 23, 1788: A Copy of a Letter from Centinel (Pennsylvania)
Jan 23, 1788: Philadelphiensis VIII (Pennsylvania)
Jan 23, 1788: Federal Farmer XVII (Virginia)
Jan 24, 1788: Brutus X (New York)
Jan 25, 1788: Agrippa XIV Part 1 (Massachusetts)
Jan 25, 1788: Federal Farmer XVIII (Virginia)
Jan 27, 1788: Luther Martin to Thomas Cockey Deye (Maryland)
Jan 29, 1788: Genuine Information IX (Maryland)
Jan 29, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information IX (Maryland)
Jan 29, 1788: Agrippa XIV Part 2  (Massachusetts)
Jan 29, 1788: Agrippa XV (Massachusetts)
Jan 30, 1788: Centinel XIII (Pennsylvania)
Jan 31, 1788: Brutus XI (New York)

February 1788

Feb 1, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information X (Maryland)
Feb 5, 1788: Agrippa XVI (Massachusetts)
Feb 5, 1788: Centinel XIV (Pennsylvania)
Feb 5, 1788: Sidney I (New York)
Feb 6, 1788: Charles Turner Speech, Massachusetts Convention (Massachusetts)
Feb 6, 1788: Old Whig VIII (Pennsylvania)
Feb 6, 1788: Philadelphiensis IX (Pennsylvania)
Feb 7, 1788: Brutus XII (Part 1) (New York)
Feb 8, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information XII (Maryland)
Feb 14, 1788: Brutus XII (Part 2) (New York)
Feb 21, 1788: Brutus XIII (New York)
Feb 21, 1788: Sidney No. 2 (New York)
Feb 22, 1788: Centinel XV (Pennsylvania)
Feb 26, 1788: Centinel XVI (Pennsylvania)
Feb 28, 1788: Brutus XIV (Part 1) (New York)

March 1788

Mar 6, 1788: Brutus XIV (Part 2) (New York)
Mar 7, 1788: Maryland Farmer No. 3, Part 1 (Maryland)
Mar 8, 1788: Philadelphiensis XI (Pennsylvania)
Mar 18, 1788: Maryland Farmer No. 3, Part 2 (Maryland)
Mar 18, 1788: Luther Martin: Address No. 1 (Maryland)
Mar 20, 1788: Brutus XV (New York)
Mar 21, 1788: Luther Martin: Address No. 2 (Maryland)
Mar 24, 1788: Centinel XVII (Pennsylvania)
Mar 28, 1788: Luther Martin: Address No. 3 (Maryland)
Mar 30, 1788: Luther Martin to the Citizens of the United States (Maryland)

April 1788

Apr 4, 1788: Maryland Farmer Essay VII (Part 1) (Maryland)
Apr 4, 1788: Luther Martin: Address No. 4 (Maryland)
Apr 9, 1788: Centinel XVIII (Pennsylvania)
Apr 9, 1788: Philadelphiensis XII (Pennsylvania)
Apr 10, 1788: Brutus XVI (New York)
Apr 10, 1788: Spurious Luther Martin: Address No. 5 (Pennsylvania)
Apr 17, 1788: A Plebeian: An Address to the People of New York (New York)
Apr 18, 1788: Elbridge Gerry Responds to the Maryland “Landholder” X (Massachusetts)

May 1788

May 2, 1788: Federal Farmer: An Additional Number of Letters to the Republican (Virginia)
May 25, 1788: James Monroe: Observations on the Constitution (Virginia)

June 1788

June 4-5, 1788: Patrick Henry, Virginia Ratifying Convention (Virginia)
June 4, 1788: George Mason Speech at the VA Ratifying Convention (Virginia)
June 20, 1788: Melancton Smith, New York Ratifying Convention (New York)
June 24, 1788: John Lansing, New York Ratifying Convention (New York)

Contents

Timelines

View timelines of the 1787-1788 “out-of-doors” debates in newspapers in pamphlets during the ratification of the Constitution.

Biographies

Learn about the key figures in the Federalist and Antifederalist debate over the proposed Constitution.

View Feature

The Federalists

Read Gordon Lloyd’s introduction to the Federalists who supported the Constitution as well as his essential Federalists.

The Antifederalists

Read Gordon Lloyd’s introduction to the Antifederalists who opposed the Constitution as well as his essential Antifederalists.

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