Japanese American Evacuation

No study questions

No related resources

No mentions of this document

Introduction

In March 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the War Relocation Authority to manage the forced removal of persons of Japanese ancestry from the West Coast. Approximately 72,000 Japanese-Americans and 38,000 Japanese immigrants were sent to 10 internment camps located throughout interior areas of western states. Pages 80-81 reproduce the evacuation order as it was posted in west coast communities. The photo on page 82, taken by photographer Dorothea Lange, shows how the poster appeared at one San Francisco location. The War Relocation Authority hired photographer Dorothea Lange to document the removal process as humane and efficient. Lange took the assignment even though she disagreed with the decision to intern American citizens, and tried to capture the confusion and anxiety of the evacuees (see photo 3 on page 83). She hoped that her photographs would encourage people to think twice, but the majority of her photographs were censored and never published during the war.

Page 1 of “Instructions to Persons of Japanese Ancestry, Presidio of San Francisco, California, May 3, 1942.” (Box 74, Item 33, Manzanar War Relocation Center Records [Collection 122], Department of Special Collections, Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles. Available from UCLA Institute on Primary Resources, https://goo.gl/crkBAP).
Page 2 of “Instructions to Persons of Japanese Ancestry, Presidio of San Francisco, California, May 3, 1942.” (Box 74, Item 33, Manzanar War Relocation Center Records [Collection 122], Department of Special Collections, Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles. Available from UCLA Institute on Primary Resources, https://goo.gl/crkBAP).