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“The United States Cannot Remain Half-Slave and Half-Free”

Source: Frederick Douglass, Address by Hon. Frederick Douglass, Delivered in the Congregational Church, Washington, D.C.,…
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Reply of the Colored Delegation to the President

Source: University of Rochester Frederick Douglass Project, a collaboration of the Department of Rare Books,…
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Reconstruction

Atlantic Monthly 18 (1866): 761-765. Douglass (1818–1895) was a former slave who became a leading…
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“John Brown Not Insane”

Douglass’s Monthly, November 1859. Available online One of the most painful incidents connected with the…
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Did John Brown Fail?

Not to fan the flame of sectional animosity now happily in the process of rapid…
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Self-Made Men

The subject announced for this evening’s entertainment is not new. Man in one form or…
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Lessons of the Hour (excerpt)

… Do not ask me what will be the final result of the so-called negro…
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The Slaveholders’ Rebellion

FELLOW CITIZENS: Eighty-six years ago the fourth of July was consecrated and distinguished among all…
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Our Composite Nationality

As nations are among the largest and the most complete divisions into which society is…
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Our Work is Not Done

Ladies and Gentlemen: I confess, at the outset, to have felt a very profound desire…
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Cast Off the Mill-Stone

We are determined that our readers shall have line upon line and precept upon precept.…
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Why Should a Colored Man Enlist?

This question has been repeatedly put to us while raising men for the 54th Massachusetts…
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What Shall Be Done with the Slaves If Emancipated?

It is curious to observe, at this juncture, when the existence of slavery is threatened…
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The Constitution of the United States: Is It Pro-Slavery or Anti-Slavery?

...I proceed to the discussion. And first a word about the question. Much will be…
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Change of Opinion Announced

The debate on the resolution relative to anti-slavery newspapers [at the annual meeting of the…
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The Constitution and Slavery

The assertion which we made five weeks ago, that "the Constitution, if strictly construed according…
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The Destiny of Colored Americans

It is impossible to settle, by the light of the present, and by the experience…
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Letter to C.H. Chase

My dear Sir: I owe you an apology for not sooner publishing and replying to…
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The Right to Criticize American Institutions

I am very glad to be here. I am very glad to be present at…
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The Folly of Colonization

But I now come to another proposition, held up as a solution of the rare…
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African Civilization Society

"But I entreated you to tell your readers what your objections are to the civilization…
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Prejudice Not Natural: “The American Colonization Society”

Frederick Douglass, “The American Colonization Society,” The Liberator, June 8, 1849. Frederick Douglass (1818–1895) was…
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The Present and Future of the Colored Race in America

Ladies and Gentlemen, I think that most of you will agree with me in respect…
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The Future of the Negro

It would require the ken of a statesman and the vision of a prophet combined…
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The Doom of the Black Power

The days of the Black Power are numbered. Its course, indeed, is onward, but with…
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The Civil Rights Case

"You take my house when you do take the prop That doth sustain my house;…
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Speech on the Dred Scott Decision

Mr. Chairman, Friends, and Fellow Citizens: While four millions of our fellow countrymen are in…
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Letter to Harriet Beecher Stowe

My Dear Mrs. Stowe: You kindly informed me, when at your house, a fortnight ago,…
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An Address to the Colored People of the United States

Fellow Countrymen: Under a solemn sense of duty, inspired by our relation to you as…
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What Are the Colored People Doing for Themselves?

The present is a time when every colored man in the land should bring this…
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Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave Chapter VII

I lived in Master Hugh’s family about seven years. During this time, I succeeded in…
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Blessings of Liberty and Education

Ladies, Gentlemen ad Friends: As I am a stranger among you and a sojourner, you…
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American Slavery

I like radical measures, whether adopted by Abolitionists or slaveholders. I do not know but…
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The Address of Southern Delegates in Congress to their Constituents; or, the address of John C. Calhoun and Forty Other Thieves

That ponderous cloud of dismal terror which for a time overhung the national capital, darkening…
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Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Chapter VI

My new mistress proved to be all she appeared when I first met her at…
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What the Black Man Wants

Mr. President: I came here, as I come always to the meetings in New England,…
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The Future of the Colored Race

It is quite impossible, at this early date, to say with any decided emphasis what…
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Men of Color, To Arms!

"MEN OF COLOR, TO ARMS!" When first the rebel cannon shattered the walls of Sumter…
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Condition of the Country

Our remarks upon the present condition of the country and upon the prospects of the…
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“What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”

Mr. President, Friends and Fellow Citizens: He who could address this audience without a quailing…
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Oration in Memory of Abraham Lincoln

Delivered at the Unveiling of The Freedmen’s Monument in Lincoln Park, Washington, D.C. Friends and…