Documents | The American Founding
by Gordon Lloyd
William R. Davie
William Samuel Johnson
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
Publius (James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay)
Richard Dobbs Spaight
Agrippa (James Winthrop)
Brutus (possibly Robert Yates, Abraham Yates,
Thomas Tredwell, or Melancton Smith)
Cato (George Clinton)
Federal Farmer (Richard Henry Lee)
Back To Federalist-Antifederalist Debates Main
Learn about the “Out of Doors” debate that took place across the states between those who supported the Constitution, and those who did not.
View the sequence of events and documents of the 1787-1788 “out-of-doors” debates in newspapers in pamphlets during the ratification of the
Learn about the key figures in the Federalist and Antifederalist debate over the proposed Constitution.
Read Gordon Lloyd’s introduction to the Federalists who supported the Constitution as well as his essential Federalists.
Read Gordon Lloyd’s introduction to the Antifederalists who opposed the Constitution as well as his essential Antifederalists.
Read perspectives from both sides of the debate on key issues related to government’s role, structure, and powers
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