The Origins and Development of the American Presidency

Sunday, June 16, 2002 to Friday, June 21, 2002
Instructors: David Tucker and John Moser

Readings
  • Sidney M. Milkis and Michael Nelson, The American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776-1998 (Congressional Quarterly, 1998)
  • Marc Landy and Sidney M. Milkis, Presidential Greatness (University Press of Kansas, 2001)
  • Michael Nelson, ed., The Evolving Presidency: Addresses, Cases, Essays, Letters, Reports, Resolutions, Transcripts, and Other Landmark Documents, 1787-1998 (Congressional Quarterly, 1998)
  • Photocopied Reading Packet

Background Readings

  • Joseph Ellis, Founding Brothers (Vintage Books, 2002)
  • James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom (Ballantine Books, 1989)
  • Robert V. Remini, The Life of Andrew Jackson (Penguin USA, 1990)
  • David M. Kennedy, Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945 (Oxford History of the United States, Vol. 9) (Oxford University Press, 2001)
  • James T. Patterson, Grand Expectations: The United States, 1945-1974 (Oxford History of the United States, Vol. 10) (Oxford University Press, 1997)
Schedule

Sunday, June 16


Introductory Remarks and Institute Overview with Professor Tucker and Moser: 7:00 pm – 8:30 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Reading:

  • Milkis and Nelson, The American Presidency, pp. 1-65.
  • Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 1-15.

Monday, June 17


Session One
(90:16 minutes)


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Session 1 with Professor Tucker: 9:00 am -10:30 am (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Character: George Washington

Reading:

  • Milkis and Nelson, The American Presidency, pp. 66-84.
  • Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 16-44.
  • Federalist 10 and 51 from Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay, Clinton Rossiter (ed), The Federalist Papers (New York, NY: Mentor, 1999), pp. 45-52, 288-293 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Address Before the Young Men’s Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois, January 27, 1838 from Roy P. Basler (ed), The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume I (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1953), pp. 76-85 (photocopied reading packet)
  • George Washington to Thomas Jefferson, February 25, 1785 from Julian P. Boyd (ed), The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Volume 8, 25 February to 31 October 1785 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1953), pp. 3-6. (photocopied reading packet)
  • Thomas Jefferson to George Washington, July 10, 1785 from Julian P. Boyd (ed), The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Volume 8, 25 February to 31 October 1785 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1953), pp. 279-281 (photocopied reading packet)

Session Two
(89:29 minutes)


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Session 2 with Professor Moser: 10:45 am – 12:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Taft/TR/Wilson

Reading:

  • Milkis and Nelson, The American Presidency, pp. 193-241
  • Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 93-103.
  • Francine Sanders Romero, Presidents from Theodore Roosevelt through Coolidge, 1901-1929 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002), pp. 8-10, 27-29, 72-73, 94-97 (photocopied reading packet).

Lesson Planning Session
(75:03 minutes)


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Lesson Planning Session with Professor Schramm: 1:45 pm – 3:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Tuesday, June 18


Session Three
(85:43 minutes)


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Session 3 with Professor Tucker: 9:00 am -10:30 am (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Vision: Thomas Jefferson

Reading:

  • Milkis and Nelson, The American Presidency, pp. 85-115.
  • Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 44-52.
  • Thomas Jefferson to John Breckinridge, August 12, 1803 from http://etext.virginia.edu/jefferson/ (photocopied reading packet)
  • Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, October 28, 1813 from http://etext.virginia.edu/jefferson/ (photocopied reading packet)
  • John Quincy Adams, First Inaugural Address from http://www.americanpresidents.org/ presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=6 (photocopied reading packet)
  • John Quincy Adams, First Annual Message to Congress (excerpt) from Henry Steele Commager (ed), Documents of American History (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1958), pp. 242-244 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address in Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 75-76.

Session Four
(83:24 minutes)


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Session 4 with Professor Moser: 10:45 am – 12:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Hoover/FDR

Reading:

  • Milkis and Nelson, The American Presidency, pp. 254-276.
  • Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 106-135.
  • John E. Moser, Presidents from Hoover through Truman, 1929-1953 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002), pp. 16-18, 36-37, 40-41, 53-54, 66-67, 74-76 (photocopied reading packet)

Small Group Discussion
(83:58 minutes)


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Small Group Discussions with Professors Tucker and Moser: 1:45 pm – 3:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Wednesday, June 19


Session Five
(93:20 minutes)


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Session 5 with Professor Tucker: 9:00 am -10:30 am (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Power: Andrew Jackson

Reading:

  • Milkis and Nelson, The American Presidency, pp. 116-142. )
  • Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 56-70. )
  • Hamilton’s Opinion on the Constitutionality of the Bank from Henry Steele Commager (ed), Documents of American History (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1958), pp. 156-158 (photocopied reading packet) )
  • Jefferson’s Opinion on the Constitutionality of the Bank from Henry Steele Commager (ed), Documents of American History (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1958), pp. 158-160 (photocopied reading packet) )
  • M’Culloch v. Maryland from Henry Steele Commager (ed), Documents of American History (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1958) pp. 213-220 (photocopied reading packet) )
  • Jackson’s Proclamation to the People of South Carolina, December 10, 1832 from Henry Steele Commager (ed), Documents of American History (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1958), pp. 262-268 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Jackson’s Veto of the Bank Bill, July 10, 1832 in Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 66-70. )
  • Lincoln to Erastus Cornin, et al, June 12, 1863 from Roy P. Basler (ed), The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume I (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1953), pp. 699-708 (photocopied reading packet)

Session Six
(87:45 minutes)


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Session 6 with Professor Moser: 10:45 am – 12:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: LBJ/Nixon

Reading:

  • Milkis and Nelson, The American Presidency, pp. 307-327.
  • Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 166-207.
  • Lyndon Johnson, Johns Hopkins University Speech, April 7, 1965 (photocopied reading packet).
  • President Nixon’s Silent Majority Speech, November 3, 1969 (photocopied reading packet).

Lesson Planning Session
(51:47 minutes)


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Lesson Planning Session with Professor Schramm: 1:45 pm – 3:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Guest Lecture
(121:00 minutes)


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Guest Lecture with Professor Sidney Milkis: 7:00 pm – 9:00 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Reading:

  • Landy and Milkis, Presidential Greatness
  • Robert Higgs, “No More Great Presidents” (photocopied reading packet)

Thursday, June 20


Session Seven
(92:39 minutes)


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Session 7 with Professor Tucker: 9:00 am – 10:30 am (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Statesmanship: Abraham Lincoln

Reading:

  • Milkis and Nelson, The American Presidency, pp. 143-162.
  • Abraham Lincoln, Proclamation Revoking General Hunter’s Order of Military Emancipation of May 9, 1862, May 19, 1862, The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume V, pp. 222 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Appeal to Border State Representatives to favor compensated Emancipation, July 12, 1862, The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume V, pp. 317 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Address on Colonization to a Deputation of Negroes, Aug 14, 1862, The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume V, pp. 370 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Letter to Horace Greeley, Aug 22, 1862, The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume V, pp. 388-389 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, Sept 22, 1862, The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume V (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Annual Message to Congress, Dec 1, 1862, The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume V, pp. 529-537 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Emancipation Proclamation, Jan 1, 1863, The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume VI, pp. 28-31 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Letter to John A. McClernand , Jan 8, 1863, The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume VI, pp. 48-49 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Presidential Order of Retaliation, July 30, 1863, The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume VI, pp. 357 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Letter to Michael Hahn, March 13, 1864 from The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, Volume VII, p. 243 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Letter to A. Hodges, April 4, 1864 in Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 70-74.

Session Eight
(87:21 minutes)


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Session 8 with Professor Moser: 10:45 am – 12:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Topic: Carter/Reagan

Reading:

  • Milkis and Nelson, The American Presidency, pp. 331-353.
  • Nelson, The Evolving Presidency, pp. 211-234.
  • Ronald Reagan, “To Restore America,” March 31, 1976 (photocopied reading packet)
  • Lane Crothers and Nancy S. Lind, Presidents from Reagan through Clinton, 1981-2001 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002), pp. 35-38, 51-53, 80-83, 100-103 (photocopied reading packet)

Small Group Discussion
(77:24 minutes)


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Small Group Discussions with Professors Tucker and Moser: 1:45 pm – 3:15 pm (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

Friday, June 21


Session 9
(84:42 minutes)


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Session 9 with Professor Tucker and Moser: 10:45 am – 12:15 am (Seminar Room, Founders Hall)

    Topic: What the President Was Supposed to Be and What He Has Become

Lunch/Adjournment: 12:30 pm – 1:30 pm (Ashbrook Center, 8th Floor, Library)

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