Elliot’s Debates: Volume 1

Journal of the Federal Convention

Monday, September 17, 1787.

Close of the General Convention.

The engrossed Constitution being read, it was moved that the Constitution be signed by the members in the following, as a convenient form:—

“Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of the states present, the 17th September, &c. In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names.”

It was moved to reconsider the clause declaring that “the number of representatives shall not exceed one for every forty thousand,” in order to strike out “forty thousand,” and insert “thirty thousand;” which passed in the affirmative.

On the question to agree to the Constitution, enrolled in order to be signed,—all the states answered, “Ay.”

On the question to agree to the above form of signing, it passed in the affirmative.

Yeas: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, 10. Divided: South Carolina, 1.

It was moved that the Journal, and other papers of the Convention, be deposited with the president; which passed in the affirmative.

Yeas: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, 10. Nay: Maryland, 1.

The president having asked what the Convention meant should be done with the Journal, it was resolved, nem. Con., “That he retain the Journal and other papers, subject to the order of the Congress, if ever formed under this Constitution.”

The members proceeded to sign the Constitution; and the Convention then dissolved itself by an adjournment sine die.

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Contents

General Overview

In 1787 and 1788, following the Constitutional Convention, a great debate took place throughout America over the Constitution that had been proposed.

In-Doors Debate

View in-depth studies of the Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York state ratifying conventions.

The Federal Pillars

View drawings of the federal pillars rising published by the Massachusetts Centinel during the ratification debate.

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The Stages of Ratification: An Interactive Timeline

View the six stages of the ratification of the Constitution with links to many other features on this site.

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Interactive Ratification Map

View interactive maps showing the breakdown of Federalist-Antifederalist strength at the state level during the Ratification debate.

View Interactive

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