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Timeline of the Ratification of the United States Constitution

1787

May 1787

May 16, 1787: Z. (Pennsylvania)

June 1787

June 20, 1787: John Lansing, George Mason, and Luther Martin (Constitutional Convention)
June 27-28,1787: Luther Martin’s Objections (Constitutional Convention)

August 1787

Aug 6, 1787: A Foreign Spectator I (Pennsylvania)
Aug 9, 1787: Atticus Essay I (Massachusetts)
Aug 10, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part IV (Pennsylvania)
Aug 16, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part VI (Pennsylvania)
Aug 17, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part VII (Pennsylvania)
Aug 24, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part X (Pennsylvania)

September 1787

Sept 4, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part XV (Pennsylvania)
Sept 10, 1787: Objections of Edmund Randolph (Constitutional Convention)
Sept 12, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part XX (Pennsylvania)
Sept 13, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part XXI (Pennsylvania)
Sept 13, 1787: Objections to the Constitution (Virginia)
Sept 15, 1787: Objections of Elbridge Gerry (Constitutional Convention)
Sept 17, 1787: Benjamin Franklin Speech, Federal Convention (Constitutional Convention)
Sept 17, 1787: Constitution Signed at Conclusion of Constitutional Convention (Constitutional Convention)
Sept 17, 1787: Report of the Constitutional Convention (Constitutional Convention)
Sept 17, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part XXIII (Pennsylvania)
Sept 18, 1787: North Carolina Delegates to Governor Richard Caswell (North Carolina)
Sept 18, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part XXIV (Pennsylvania)
Sept 20, 1787: Confederation Congress reads Constitution (Confederation Congress)
Sept 21, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part XXV (Pennsylvania)
Sept 26-28, 1787: Confederation Congress debates Constitution (Confederation Congress)
Sept 26, 1787: Letter from Sherman and Ellsworth to the Governor of Connecticut (Connecticut)
Sept 26, 1787: An American Citizen I (Pennsylvania)
Sept 27, 1787: A Pennsylvania Farmer (Pennsylvania)
Sept 27, 1787: Cato I (New York)
Sept 28, 1787: Call for state ratifying conventions by Confederation Congress (Confederation Congress)
Sept 28, 1787: Pennsylvania calls for state convention (Pennsylvania)
Sept 28, 1787: A Foreign Spectator, Part XXVIII (Pennsylvania)
Sept 28, 1787: An American Citizen II (Pennsylvania)
Sept 28, 1787: An American Citizen III (Pennsylvania)
Sept 29, 1787: Curtius No. I (New York)

October 1787

Oct 1787: George Mason’s Objections (Virginia)
Oct 1787: An American Citizen IV (Pennsylvania)
Oct 1, 1787: Caesar I (New York)
Oct 1, 1787: Letter from Richard Henry Lee to George Mason (Virginia)
Oct 2, 1787: Foreign Spectator XXIX (Pennsylvania)
Oct 5, 1787: Centinel I (Pennsylvania)
Oct 6, 1787: Crito (Rhode Island)
Oct 6, 1787: State House Speech (Pennsylvania)
Oct 8, 1787: Federal Farmer I (Virginia)
Oct 9, 1787: Federal Farmer II (Virginia)
Oct 10, 1787: Federal Farmer III (Virginia)
Oct 10, 1787: James Wilson Speech, Pennsylvania Packet (Pennsylvania)
Oct 10, 1787: Randolph Letter, On the Federal Constitution (Virginia)
Oct 11, 1787: Cato II (New York)
Oct 12, 1787: Federal Farmer IV (Virginia)
Oct 12, 1787: An Old Whig I (Pennsylvania)
Oct 13, 1787: Federal Farmer V (Virginia)
Oct 13, 1787: Convention Essay (Massachusetts)
Oct 15, 1787: One of Four Thousand (Pennsylvania)
Oct 16, 1787: Richard Henry Lee to Edmund Randolph (New York)
Oct 17, 1787: Connecticut calls for state convention (Connecticut)
Oct 17, 1787: A Democratic Federalist (Pennsylvania)
Oct 17, 1787: Caesar II (New York)
Oct 17, 1787: An Old Whig II (Pennsylvania)
Oct 17, 1787: A Citizen of America by Noah Webster (Pennsylvania)
Oct 17, 1787: A Citizen of America: An Examination Into the Leading Principles of America (Pennsylvania)
Oct 18, 1787: Brutus I (New York)
Oct 18, 1787: Elbridge Gerry’s Objections (Massachusetts)
Oct 18, 1787: Atticus Essay II (Massachusetts)
Oct 20, 1787: An Old Whig III (Pennsylvania)
Oct 22, 1787: John DeWitt I (Massachusetts)
Oct 24, 1787: James Madison to Thomas Jefferson (Virginia)
Oct 24, 1787: Monitor Essay (Massachusetts)
Oct 24, 1787: Centinel II (Pennsylvania)
Oct 25, 1787: Massachusetts calls for state convention (Massachusetts)
Oct 25, 1787: A Republican No. 1 (New York)
Oct 25, 1787: Cato III (New York)
Oct 25, 1787: A Federalist Essay (Pennsylvania)
Oct 26,1787: Georgia calls for state convention (Georgia)
Oct 27, 1787: John DeWitt II (Massachusetts)
Oct 27, 1787: An Old Whig IV (Pennsylvania)
Oct 27, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 1 (New York)
Oct 28, 1787: Remarks on the Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention (Pennsylvania)
Oct 30, 1787: Philo-Publius Essay I (New York)
Oct 30, 1787: Letter from Gouverneur Morris to George Washington (Pennsylvania)
Oct 31, 1787: Virginia calls for state convention (Virginia)
Oct 31, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 2 (New York)

November 1787

Nov 1, 1787: New Jersey calls for state convention (New Jersey)
Nov 1, 1787: An Old Whig V (Pennsylvania)
Nov 1, 1787: Brutus II (New York)
Nov 1, 1788: Cincinnatus No. 1 (New York)
Nov 2, 1787: Foreigner I (Pennsylvania)
Nov 3, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 3 (New York)
Nov 3, 1787: A Farmer, of New Jersey: Observations on Government New York (New Jersey)
Nov 3, 1788: Elbridge Gerry to the Massachusetts General Court (Massachusetts)
Nov 5, 1787: John DeWitt III (Massachusetts)
Nov 5, 1787: A Landholder Letter I (Connecticut)
Nov 6, 1787: Pennsylvania elects 69 delegates (Pennsylvania)
Nov 6, 1787: An Officer of the Late Continental Army (Pennsylvania)
Nov 7, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 4 (New York)
Nov 7, 1787: Philadelphiensis I (Pennsylvania)
Nov 8, 1787: Centinel III (Pennsylvania)
Nov 8, 1787: Brutus, Junior (New York)
Nov 8, 1787: Cato IV (New York)
Nov 8, 1787: Cincinnatus No. 2 (New York)
Nov 8, 1787: Federal Farmer: Letters to the Republican (Virginia)
Nov 10, 1787: Delaware calls for state convention (Delaware)
Nov 10, 1787: Massachusetts Centinel (Massachusetts)
Nov 10, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 5 (New York)
Nov 12, 1787: A Landholder Letter II (Connecticut)
Nov 12, 1787: Connecticut elects 168 delegates (Connecticut)
Nov 14, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 6 (New York)
Nov 14, 1787: Socius Essay (Pennsylvania)
Nov 15, 1787: Brutus III (New York)
Nov 15, 1787: A Countryman I (Connecticut)
Nov 15, 1787: Essay by a Georgian (Georgia)
Nov 16, 1787: Philo-Publius Essay II (New York)
Nov 17, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 7 (New York)
Nov 17, 1787: An American: The Crisis (Massachusetts)
Nov 19, 1787: Massachusetts begins election of 355 delegates (Massachusetts)
Nov 19, 1787: A Landholder III (Connecticut)
Nov 20, 1787: Pennsylvania ratifying convention convenes (Pennsylvania)
Nov 20, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 8 (New York)
Nov 21, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 9 (New York)
Nov 21, 1787: George Mason’s Objections (Virginia)
Nov 22, 1787: Brutus on Mason’s Objections (Virginia)
Nov 22, 1787: Cato V (New York)
Nov 22, 1787: A Countryman II (Connecticut)
Nov 22, 1787: Atticus Essay III (Massachusetts)
Nov 22, 1787: Cincinnatus No. 4 (New York)
Nov 22-26, 1787: Delaware elects 30 delegates (Delaware)
Nov 22, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 10 (New York)
Nov 23, 1787: Agrippa I (Massachusetts)
Nov 24, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 11 (New York)
Nov 24, 1787: An Old Whig VI (Pennsylvania)
Nov 24, 1787 – Dec 24, 1787: Timothy Pickering and the Letters from the Federal Farmer (New York)
Nov 24, 1787: James Wilson Speech, Pennsylvania Convention (Pennsylvania)
Nov 24, 1787: John Jay and the Constitution (New York)
Nov 26, 1787: A Landholder Letter IV (Connecticut)
Nov 26,1787: A Democratic Federalist (Pennsylvania)
Nov 27, 1787: Maryland calls for state convention (Maryland)
Nov 27, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 12 (New York)
Nov 27, 1787: Agrippa II (Massachusetts)
Nov 27-Dec 1, 1787: New Jersey elects 38 delegates (New Jersey)
Nov 28, 1787: Philadelphia Freeman’s Journal (Pennsylvania)
Nov 28, 1787: John Smilie and Robert Whitehill’s Remarks on the Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention (Pennsylvania)
Nov 28, 1787: James Wilson’s Remarks on the Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention (Pennsylvania)
Nov 28, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 13 (New York)
Nov 28, 1787: Philadelphiensis II (Pennsylvania)
Nov 28, 1787: An Old Whig VII (Pennsylvania)
Nov 28, 1787: A Federal Republican: A Review of the Constitution (Virginia)
Nov 29, 1787: Brutus IV (New York)
Nov 29, 1787: Philo-Publius Essay III (New York)
Nov 29, 1787: James McHenry’s Speech to Maryland State House of Delegates (Maryland)
Nov 29, 1787: Maryland’s Constitutional Convention Delegates Address the State House of Delegates (Maryland)
Nov 29, 1787: Luther Martin Speech to Maryland State House of Delegates (Maryland)
Nov 29, 1787: A Countryman III (Connecticut)
Nov 30, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 14 (New York)
Nov 30, 1787: Centinel IV (Pennsylvania)
Nov 30, 1787: Agrippa III (Massachusetts)

December 1787

Dec 1787: John DeWitt IV (Massachusetts)
Dec 1, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 15 (New York)
Dec 1, 1787: Philo-Publius Essay IV (New York)
Dec 2, 1787: Daniel Carroll to Benjamin Franklin (Maryland)
Dec 3, 1787: Agrippa IV (Massachusetts)
Dec 3, 1787: A Landholder Letter V (Connecticut)
Dec 3, 1787: Tobias Lear to John Langdon, Mount Vernon (Virginia)
Dec 4, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 16 (New York)
Dec 4, 1787: Speech to the Pennsylvania Conventions, afternoon (Pennsylvania)
Dec 4, 1787: Speech to the Pennsylvania Conventions, morning (Pennsylvania)
Dec 4, 1787: Delaware ratifying convention convenes (Delaware)
Dec 4-5, 1787: Georgia elects 26 delegates (Georgia)
Dec 5, 1787: Philadelphiensis No. 3 (Pennsylvania)
Dec 5, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 17 (New York)
Dec 6, 1787: North Carolina calls for state convention (North Carolina)
Dec 6, 1787: A Countryman IV (Connecticut)
Dec 6, 1787: Z. (Massachusetts)
Dec 6, 1787: Cincinnatus VI (New York)
Dec 7, 1787: Delaware ratifies 30-0 (Delaware)
Dec 7, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 18 (New York)
Dec 8, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 19 (New York)
Dec 10, 1787: A Landholder VI (Connecticut)
Dec 11, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 20 (New York)
Dec 11, 1787: New Jersey ratifying convention convenes (New Jersey)
Dec 11, 1787: Agrippa V (Massachusetts)
Dec 12, 1787: Pennsylvania ratifies 46-23 (Pennsylvania)
Dec 12, 1787: Philadelphiensis IV (Pennsylvania)
Dec 12, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 21 (New York)
Dec 12, 1787: Cato Essay (New York)
Dec 13, 1787: Brutus V (New York)
Dec 13, 1787: Alfred (Pennsylvania)
Dec 14, 1787: Agrippa VI (Massachusetts)
Dec 14, 1787: New Hampshire calls for state convention (New Hampshire)
Dec 14, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 22 (New York)
Dec 14, 1787: Letter from George Washington to Charles Carter (Virginia)
Dec 16, 1787: Cato VI (New York)
Dec 17, 1787: A Landholder Letter VII (Connecticut)
Dec 18, 1787: New Jersey ratifies 38-0 (New Jersey)
Dec 18, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 23 (New York)
Dec 18, 1787: Agrippa VII (Massachusetts)
Dec 18, 1787: The Dissent of the Minority of the Convention of Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania)
Dec 19, 1787: Extract of a Letter from New York, dated December 7 (New York)
Dec 19, 1787: Anti-Cincinnatus (Pennsylvania)
Dec 19, 1787: Philadelphiensis No. 5 (Pennsylvania)
Dec 19, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 24 (New York)
Dec 20, 1787: A Countryman V (Connecticut)
Dec 21, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 25 (New York)
Dec 21, 1787: Robert Yates and John Lansing, Reasons of Dissent (New York)
Dec 22, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 26 (New York)
Dec 22, 1787: Atticus Essay IV (Massachusetts)
Dec 28, 1787: Genuine Information I (Maryland)
Dec 28, 1787: Luther Martin: Genuine Information I Baltimore Maryland Gazette (Maryland)
Dec 24, 1787: A Landholder Letter VIII (Connecticut)
Dec 25, 1787: Centinel VI (Pennsylvania)
Dec 25, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 27 (New York)
Dec 25, 1787: One of the People: Antifederalists Maryland Journal (Maryland)
Dec 25, 1787: Federal Farmer VI (Virginia)
Dec 25, 1787: Agrippa VIII (Massachusetts)
Dec 25, 1787: Georgia ratifying convention meets (Georgia)
Dec 26, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 28 (New York)
Dec 26, 1787: Philadelphiensis No. 6 (Pennsylvania)
Dec 27, 1787: Centinel VII (Pennsylvania)
Dec 27, 1787: Brutus VI (New York)
Dec 28, 1787: Samuel Adams and the Constitution (Massachusetts)
Dec 28, 1787: Agrippa IX (Massachusetts)
Dec 28, 1787: Luther Martin: Genuine Information II (Maryland)
Dec 29, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 29 (New York)
Dec 30, 1787: Federalist Paper No. 30 (New York)
Dec 29, 1787: Centinel VIII (Pennsylvania)
Dec 31, 1787: A Landholder Letter IX (Connecticut)
Dec 31, 1787: Georgia ratifies 26-0 (Georgia)
Dec 31, 1787: New Hampshire calls for state convention (New Hampshire)
Dec 31, 1787: New Hampshire elects 110 delegates (New Hampshire)
Dec 31, 1787: Federal Farmer VII (Virginia)
Dec 31, 1787: America by Noah Webster (New York)
Dec 31, 1787: A Freeman Essay to the People of Connecticut (Connecticut)

1788

Month Unknown

1788: A Citizen of New York by John Jay (New York)

January 1788

Jan 1788: Address by a Plebian (New York)
Jan 1788: Advertisement for the Pamphlet Edition of the Federalist (New York)
Jan 1, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 31 (New York)
Jan 1, 1788: Agrippa X (Massachusetts)
Jan 1, 1788: Genuine Information II (Maryland)
Jan 2, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 32 (New York)
Jan 2, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 33 (New York)
Jan 3, 1788: Cato VII (New York)
Jan 3, 1788: Federal Farmer VIII (New York)
Jan 3, 1788: Brutus VII (New York)
Jan 3, 1788: Connecticut ratifying convention convenes (Connecticut)
Jan 4, 1788: Federal Farmer IX (Virginia)
Jan 4, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information III (Maryland)
Jan 5, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 34 (New York)
Jan 5, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 35 (New York)
Jan 7, 1788: James Wadsworth and Oliver Ellsworth Speeches in the Connecticut Convention (Connecticut)
Jan 7, 1788: Resolutions of the Tradesmen of Boston (Massachusetts)
Jan 7, 1788: Federal Farmer X (Virginia)
Jan 8, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 36 (New York)
Jan 8, 1788: Centinel IX (Pennsylvania)
Jan 8, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information IV (Maryland)
Jan 8, 1788: Agrippa XI (Massachusetts)
Jan 9, 1788: Connecticut ratifies 128-40 (Connecticut)
Jan 9,1788: Massachusetts concludes election of 355 delegates (Massachusetts)
Jan 9, 1788: Samuel Huntington, Oliver Wolcott, Sr., and Richard Law: Speeches in the Connecticut Convention (Connecticut)
Jan 10, 1788: Brutus VIII (New York)
Jan 10, 1788: Philadelphiensis No. 7 (Pennsylvania)
Jan 11, 1788: Federal Farmer XI (Virginia)
Jan 11, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 37 (New York)
Jan 11, 1788: Common Sense Essay (Massachusetts)
Jan 11, 1788: Agrippa XII Part 1 (Massachusetts)
Jan 11, 1788: Governor George Clinton Speech to the New York Legislature (New York)
Jan 11, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information V (Maryland)
Jan 12, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 38 (New York)
Jan 12, 1788: Federal Farmer XII (Virginia)
Jan 12, 1788: Centinel X (Pennsylvania)
Jan 14, 1788: Agrippa XII Part 2 (Massachusetts)
Jan 14, 1788: Federal Farmer XIII (Virginia)
Jan 14, 1788: The Report of the New York’s Delegates to the Constitutional Convention (New York)
Jan 15, 1788: Fisher Ames Speech, Massachusetts Convention (Massachusetts)
Jan 15, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information VI (Maryland)
Jan 16, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 39 (New York)
Jan 16, 1788: State Soldier Essay I (Virginia)
Jan 16, 1788: Centinel XI (Pennsylvania)
Jan 17, 1788: Brutus IX (New York)
Jan 17, 1788: Federal Farmer XIV (Virginia)
Jan 17, 1788: Charles Turner Speech, Massachusetts Convention (Massachusetts)
Jan 18, 1788: Agrippa XII Part 3 (Massachusetts)
Jan 18, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 40 (New York)
Jan 18, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information VII (Maryland)
Jan 18, 1788: Federal Farmer XV (Virginia)
Jan 18, 1788: A Citizen of New Haven by Roger Sherman, Letter I (Connecticut)
Jan 19, 1788: South Carolina calls for state convention (South Carolina)
Jan 19, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 41 (New York)
Jan 22, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 42 (New York)
Jan 22, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information VIII (Maryland)
Jan 22, 1788: Agrippa XIII (Massachusetts)
Jan 23, 1788: Centinel XII (Pennsylvania)
Jan 23, 1788: Federal Farmer XVI (Virginia)
Jan 23, 1788: A Copy of a Letter from Centinel (Pennsylvania)
Jan 23, 1788: Philadelphiensis No. 8 (Pennsylvania)
Jan 23, 1788: Federal Farmer XVII (Virginia)
Jan 23, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 43 (New York)
Jan 23, 1788: A Freeman Essay I (Pennsylvania)
Jan 24, 1788: Brutus X (New York)
Jan 25, 1788: Agrippa XIV Part 1(Massachusetts)
Jan 25, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 44 (New York)
Jan 25, 1788: Federal Farmer XVIII (Virginia)
Jan 26, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 45 (New York)
Jan 27, 1788: Luther Martin’s Letter to Thomas Cockey Deye (Maryland)
Jan 29, 1788: Genuine Information IX (Maryland)
Jan 29, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 46 (New York)
Jan 29, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information IX (Maryland)
Jan 29, 1788: Agrippa XIV Part 2 (Massachusetts)
Jan 29, 1788: Agrippa XV (Massachusetts)
Jan 30, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 47 (New York)
Jan 30, 1788: A Freeman Essay II (Pennsylvania)
Jan 30, 1788: Centinel XIII (Pennsylvania)
Jan 30, 1788: President John Sullivan on the Constitution Portsmouth (New Hampshire)
Jan 30, 1788: Massachusetts Compromise proposed (Massachusetts)
Jan 31, 1788: Georgia ratifies 26-0 (Georgia)
Jan 31, 1788: Brutus XI (New York)

February 1788

Feb 1, 1788: New York calls for state convention (New York)
Feb 1, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 48 (New York)
Feb 1, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information X (Maryland)
Feb 2, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 49 (New York)
Feb 5, 1788: Agrippa XVI (Massachusetts)
Feb 5, 1788: Centinel XIV (Pennsylvania)
Feb 5, 1788: Sidney I (New York)
Feb 5, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 50 (New York)
Feb 6, 1788: Charles Turner Speech, Massachusetts Convention (Massachusetts)
Feb 6, 1788: Old Whig No. 8 (Pennsylvania)
Feb 6, 1788: Philadelphiensis No. 9 (Pennsylvania)
Feb 6, 1788: Massachusetts ratifies 187-168 with 9 proposed amendments (Massachusetts)
Feb 6, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 51 (New York)
Feb 6, 1788: A Freeman Essay III (Pennsylvania)
Feb 6, 1788: State Soldier Essay II (Virginia)
Feb 7, 1788: Thomas Jefferson to Alexander Donald, Paris (Virginia)
Feb 7, 1788: Brutus XII (Part 1) (New York)
Feb 8, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 52 (New York)
Feb 8, 1788: Luther Martin: Genuine Information XII (Maryland)
Feb 9, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 53 (New York)
Feb 12, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 54 (New York)
Feb 13, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 55 (New York)
Feb 13, 1788: New Hampshire ratifying convention, first session, convenes (New Hampshire)
Feb 14, 1788: Brutus XII (Part 2) (New York)
Feb 16, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 56 (New York)
Feb 18, 1788: Elihu Essay (Connecticut)
Feb 19, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 57 (New York)
Feb 20, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 58 (New York)
Feb 21, 1788: Brutus XIII (New York)
Feb 21, 1788: Sidney No. 2 (New York)
Feb 22, 1788: New Hampshire ratifying convention votes 56-51 for adjournment until June 18 (New Hampshire)
Feb 22, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 59 (New York)
Feb 22, 1788: The Adjournment of the New Hampshire Convention (New Hampshire)
Feb 22, 1788: Centinel XV (Pennsylvania)
Feb 23, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 60 (New York)
Feb 23, 1788: John Langdon to Rufus King (New Hampshire)
Feb 25-27, 1788: Remarks on the New Plan of Government, Hugh Williamson (New York)
Feb 26, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 61 (New York)
Feb 26, 1788: Centinel XVI (Pennsylvania)
Feb 27, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 62 (New York)
Feb 27, 1788: Massachusetts Centinel (New Hampshire)
Feb 27, 1788: Speech by John Hancock to the Massachusetts General Court (Massachusetts)
Feb 28, 1788: Brutus XIV (Part 1) (New York)
Feb 29, 1788: A Landholder X (Maryland)

March 1788

Mar 1, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 63 (New York)
Mar 3, 1788: Virginia meets to elect delegates (Virginia)
Mar 5, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 64 (New York)
Mar 6, 1788: Brutus XIV (Part 2) (New York)
Mar 7, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 65 (New York)
Mar 7, 1788: Maryland Farmer Essay III (Part 1) (Maryland)
Mar. 7, 1788: Reply to Maryland Landholder X (Maryland)
Mar 8, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 66 (New York)
Mar 8, 1788: Philadelphiensis No. 11 (Pennsylvania)
Mar 10, 1788: A Landholder XI (Connecticut)
Mar 11, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 67 (New York)
Mar 12, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 68 (New York)
Mar 12, 1788: State Soldier Essay III (Virginia)
Mar 12, 1788: One of the People Called Quakers (Virginia)
Mar 14, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 69 (New York)
Mar 15, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 70 (New York)
Mar 17, 1788: A Landholder XII (Connecticut)
Mar 18, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 71 (New York)
Mar 18, 1788: Maryland Farmer Essay III (Part 2) (Maryland)
Mar 18, 1788: Luther Martin: Address No. 1 (Maryland)
Mar 19, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 72 (New York)
Mar 19, 1788: State Soldier Essay IV (Virginia)
Mar 20, 1788: Brutus XV (New York)
Mar 21, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 73 (New York)
Mar 21, 1788: Luther Martin: Address No. 2 (Maryland)
Mar 24, 1788: A Landholder Letter XIII (Connecticut)
Mar 24, 1788: Rhode Island rejects call for a state ratifying convention (Rhode Island)
Mar 24, 1788: Centinel XVII (Pennsylvania)
Mar 25, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 74 (New York)
Mar 26, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 75 (New York)
Mar 28-29, 1788: North Carolina elects 268 delegates (North Carolina)
Mar 28, 1788: Luther Martin: Address No. 3 (Maryland)
Mar 30, 1788: Luther Martin to the Citizens of the United States (Maryland)
Mar 31, 1788: Virginia elects 168 delegates (Virginia)

April 1788

Apr 1, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 76 (New York)
Apr 2, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 77 (New York)
Apr 2, 1788: State Soldier Essay V (Virginia)
Apr 4, 1788: Maryland Farmer Essay VII (Part 1) (Maryland)
Apr 4, 1788: Luther Martin: Address No. 4 (Maryland)
Apr 7, 1788: Maryland elects 76 delegates (Maryland)
Apr 9, 1788: Centinel XVIII (Pennsylvania)
Apr 9, 1788: Philadelphiensis No. 12 (Pennsylvania)
Apr 10, 1788: Brutus XVI (New York)
Apr 10, 1788: Spurious Luther Martin: Address No. 5 (Pennsylvania)
Apr 11-12, 1788: South Carolina elects 222 delegates (South Carolina)
Apr 12, 1788: Fabius I (Pennsylvania)
Apr 15, 1788: Fabius II (Pennsylvania)
Apr 16, 1788: Consider Arms, Malachi Maynard, and Samuel Field: Dissent to the Massachusetts Convention, Northampton Hampshire (New Hampshire)
Apr 17, 1788: A Plebeian: An Address to the People of New York (New York)
Apr 17, 1788: Fabius III (Pennsylvania)
Apr 18, 1788: Elbridge Gerry Responds to the Maryland “Landholder” X (Massachusetts)
Apr 19, 1788: Fabius IV (Pennsylvania)
Apr 21, 1788: Maryland ratifying convention convenes (Maryland)
Apr 22, 1788: Fabius V (Pennsylvania)
Apr 23, 1788: A Farmer (Pennslyvannia)
Apr 24, 1788: Fabius VI (Pennsylvania)
Apr 26, 1788: Maryland ratifies 63-11 (Maryland)
Apr 26, 1788: Fabius VII (Pennsylvania)
Apr 29, 1788: Fabius VIII (Pennsylvania)
Apr 29-May 3, 1788: New York elects 67 delegates (New York)

May 1788

May 1, 1788: Fabius IX (Pennsylvania)
May 2, 1788: Federal Farmer: An Additional Number of Letters to the Republican (Virginia)
May 12, 1788: Philodemos Essay (Massachusetts)
May 12, 1788: South Carolina ratifying convention convenes (South Carolina)
May 23, 1788: South Carolina ratifies 149-73 (South Carolina)
May 25, 1788: Observations on the Constitution (Virginia)
May 28, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 78 (New York)

June 1788

June 1, 1788: Observations of the Constitution, James Monroe (Virginia)
June 2, 1788: Virginia ratifying convention convenes (Virginia)
June 4-5, 1788: Patrick Henry, Virginia Ratifying Convention (Virginia)
June 4, 1788: George Mason Speech (Virginia)
June 6, 1788: Edmund Randolph Speech (Virginia)
June 10, 1788: Edmund Randolph Speech, Virginia Ratifying Convention (Virginia)
June 12, 1788: Edmund Pendleton Speech (Virginia)
June 17, 1788: New York ratifying convention convenes (New York)
June 18, 1788: Virginia Ratifying Convention (Virginia)
June 18, 1787: New Hampshire ratifying convention, second session, convenes (New Hampshire)
June 18, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 79 (New York)
June 20, 1788: Melancton Smith Speech, New York Ratifying Convention (New York)
June 20, 1788: New York ratifying convention convenes (New York)
June 20, 1788: Melancton Smith, New York Ratifying Convention (New York)
June 21, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 80 (New York)
June 25, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 81 (New York)
June 25, 1788: New Hampshire: The Ninth Pillar Massachusetts Centinel (New Hampshire)
June 21, 1788: Alexander Hamilton Speech in the New York Ratifying Convention (New York)
June 24, 1788: John Lansing, New York Ratifying Convention (New York)
June 21, 1788: New Hampshire ratifies 57-47 with 12 proposed amendments (New Hampshire)
June 25, 1788: Virginia ratifies 89-79 with 20 proposed amendments (Virginia)
June 27, 1788: Virginia Ratifying Convention Amendment Proposals (Virginia)

July 1788

July 2, 1788: Congress accepts ratification of Constitution (Confederation Congress)
July 2, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 82 (New York)
July 4, 1788: Oration on the Fourth of July (Pennsylvania)
July 5, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 83 (New York)
July 16, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 84 (New York)
July 21, 1788: North Carolina ratifying convention convenes (North Carolina)
July 25, 1788: New York rejects conditional ratification (New York)
July 26, 1788: New York ratifies 30-27 with 31 proposed amendments (New York)

August 1788

Aug 2, 1788: North Carolina votes 184-84 against ratification (North Carolina)
Aug 13, 1788: Federalist Paper No. 85 (New York)

December 1788

Dec 10, 1788: An American Citizen: Thoughts on the Subject of Amendments, Part II (Pennsylvania)
Dec 18, 1788: A Citizen of New Haven by Roger Sherman, Letter I (Connecticut)
Dec 24, 1788: An American Citizen: Thoughts on the Subject of Amendments, Part III (Pennsylvania)
Dec 25, 1788: A Citizen of New Haven by Roger Sherman, Letter II (Connecticut)

1789

November 1789

Nov 16, 1789: Second North Carolina ratifying convention convenes (North Carolina)
Nov 21, 1789: North Carolina ratifies 194-77 (North Carolina)

1790

May 1790

May 26, 1790: Rhode Island ratifying convention convenes (Rhode Island)
May 29, 1790: Rhode Island ratifies 34-32 (Rhode Island)

Contents

General Overview

In 1787 and 1788, following the Constitutional Convention, a great debate took place throughout America over the Constitution that had been proposed.

In-Doors Debate

View in-depth studies of the Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York state ratifying conventions.

The Federal Pillars

View drawings of the federal pillars rising published by the Massachusetts Centinel during the ratification debate.

View Feature

The Stages of Ratification: An Interactive Timeline

View the six stages of the ratification of the Constitution with links to many other features on this site.

View Feature

Interactive Ratification Map

View interactive maps showing the breakdown of Federalist-Antifederalist strength at the state level during the Ratification debate.

View Interactive

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