10 July 1951
Armistice Negotiations Begin in Korea
In the late spring United Nations forces, now under the command of Matthew Ridgeway, launched a counteroffensive that finally stopped the Chinese advance. However, by the summer the war had settled into a stalemate largely along the 38th parallel—in other words, along the original boundary between North and South Korea. On July 10 formal peace negotiations began between the two sides at the town of Kaesong. There was general agreement that the peace would involve more or less a return to the status quo before the war. The major sticking point involved Chinese and North Korean prisoners of war; the Chinese insisted that all be repatriated, but it turned out that the majority of these prisoners did not want to go back. Because UN negotiators refused to repatriate these men against their will, the war dragged on.

- Stalemate in Korea