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Federalist-Antifederalist Debates

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Introduction

Learn about the “Out of Doors” debate that took place across the states between those who supported the Constitution, and those who did not.

Chronology

View the sequence of events and documents of the 1787-1788 “out-of-doors” debates in newspapers in pamphlets during ratification:

Biographies

Learn about the key figures in the Federalist and Antifederalist debate over the proposed Constitution.

The Issues

Read perspectives from both sides of the debate on key issues related to government’s role, structure, and powers, as well their thoughts on the value of a Bill of Rights.