The American Revolution

Captain John Parker, commander of the Lexington militia, had received Paul Revere’s warning. Great Britain’s…

Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms

Source: The Declaration as Adopted by Congress, [6 July 1775], Founders Online, National Archives).  https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-01-02-0113-0005 IF IT…

The Newburgh Address

Source: George Washington to Officers of the Army, March 15, 1783, Founders Online, National Archives.…

Common Sense

Source: Moncure Daniel Conway, ed., The Writings of Thomas Paine, 4 vols. (New York: G.…

Treaty of Paris

Source: Richard Peters, et al., eds., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States…

Cincinnatus Reborn

Source: Washington’s Address to Congress Resigning his Commission, [December 23, 1783,] Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-06-02-0319-0004. The…

Stratford, Connecticut’s Thomas Gage—and Monmouth County, New Jersey’s Dunmore

Source: New-England Chronicle (Boston), May 30, 1776. The following odd affair happened at Stratford on…

The American Crisis

Source: Moncure Daniel Conway, ed., The Writings of Thomas Paine, 4 vols. (New York: G.…

The Continentals Encounter Civilians

Source: “Memoir by Hugh McDonald [Extract],” Colonial and State Records of North Carolina 11 (1895):…

Foraging for Valley Forge

Source: [Joseph Plumb Martin,] A Narrative of Some of the Adventures, Dangers, and Sufferings of…

Generals Gates and Burgoyne on the Murder of Jane McCrea

Source: Pennsylvania Evening Post (Philadelphia), September 16, 1777. Major General Horatio Gates to Lieutenant General…

Eliza Wilkinson Encounters Redcoats in South Carolina

Source: Caroline Gilman, ed., Letters of Eliza Wilkinson (New York: S. Colman, 1839), 24, 27–31.…

Envisioning an African American Regiment

Source: John Laurens to Henry Laurens, February 2, 1778, in William Gilmore Simms, ed., The…

List of Prints to Illustrate British Cruelties

Source: Franklin and Lafayette’s List of Prints to Illustrate British Cruelties [ca. May 1779], Founders…

Account of the British Surrender at Yorktown

Source: James Thacher, A Military Journal during the American Revolutionary War, from 1775 to 1783….…

“To the Traitor General Arnold”

Source: “Plain Truth,” “To the Traytor General Arnold,” Pennsylvania Packet (Philadelphia), September 25, 1781. Is…

An Officer’s Account of Washington’s Remarks

Source: The Journals of Major Samuel Shaw…, ed. Josiah Quincy (Boston: Wm. Crosby and H.…

Chapter 29: America and the World

A. President George W. Bush, Second Inaugural Address, January 20, 2005 . . . At…

Chapter 24: Containment and the Truman Doctrine

In the summer of 1959, Vice President Richard Nixon traveled to Moscow to formally open…

Chapter 23: The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb

A. Recommendations on the Immediate Use of Nuclear Weapons, the Scientific Panel of the Interim…

Account of the Battles of Lexington and Concord

Source: Winthrop Sargent, ed., “Letters of John Andrews, Esq., of Boston,” Proceedings of the Massachusetts…

Defending the League of Nations: “The Pueblo Speech”

. . . But, you say, "We have heard that we might be at a…

The Union Must and Shall Be Preserved

Source: The Union must and shall be preserved. Air.- Star Spangled Banner. H. De Marsan,…

A Society of Patriotic Ladies at Edenton in North Carolina

[caption id="attachment_24160" align="aligncenter" width="773"] Robert Sayer And John Bennett , Publisher, and Philip Dawe. A…

Redcoats in South Carolina

Source: Caroline Gilman, ed., Letters of Eliza Wilkinson (New York, 1839), 24, 27-31. https://archive.org/details/lettersofelizawi00wilk/page/24 All…

In the Event of a Moon Disaster: “The Safire Memo”

To: H. R. Haldeman  From: Bill Safire  July 18, 1969.  IN EVENT OF MOON DISASTER:   Fate has…

The Sovereignty and Goodness of God

Source: Mary Rowlandson, The Sovereignty and Goodness of God . . . (1682). We have…

Personal Reactions In Time of War

Source: Jane Addams, “Personal Reactions In Time of War,” Peace and Bread in Time of…

Address at Rice University on the Nation’s Space Effort

Source: John F. Kennedy, Address at Rice University, Houston, Texas, 12 September 1962, NARA, JFKPOF-040-001. We meet at…

D-Day Dress, Platoon Leader

Source: illustration 20a from the 29th Infantry Combat Narrative by Lieutenant Jack Shea. DOD via…

Special Address to the Nation on Syria

Source: Barack Obama, “Address to the Nation on Syria,” September 10, 2013 , White House…

Boumediene v. Bush

Source: United States Reports. Volume 553, Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court at October Term,…

Memorandum on the President’s Constitutional Authority to Conduct Military Operations Against Terrorists and Nations Supporting Them

Source: Nathan A. Forrester, ed., Opinions of the Legal Counsel of the United States Department…

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer

Source: United States Reports. Volume 343, Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court at October Term,…

Special Message to the Congress Reporting on the Situation in Korea

Source: Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States. Harry S. Truman. Containing the…

First Inaugural Address (1861)

Source:  Abraham Lincoln, First Inaugural Address, Final Version, March 1861, Abraham Lincoln Papers (Series 1: General Correspondence, 1833 to 1916), Library…

Proclamation on the Whiskey Rebellion

Source: President George Washington, Proclamation, 7 August 1794, Founders Online, National Archives, https://goo.gl/yu6KcC. Proclamation Calling…

The American Presidency

Woodrow Wilson was probably right when he said that it is easier to speak of…

The Fugitive Slave Clause

Source: Gordon Lloyd ed., Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison, a…

“United States Relations with the Soviet Union” (National Security Directive 23)

Source: National Security Archive, Electronic Briefing Book no. 293 (November 7, 2009). Available at https://goo.gl/PNLfRA.…

Address at Commencement Exercises at the University of Notre Dame

Source: Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Jimmy Carter, 1977, Book I…

Telephone Conversation about Chile

Source: National Security Archive, Electronic Briefing Book no. 255 (September 10, 2008). Available at https://goo.gl/Bfwimb.…

Statement on the War in Vietnam

Source: Wisconsin Historical Society, Freedom Summer Collection, Lucile Montgomery Papers, 1963-1967, Historical Society Library Microforms…

A Compromise Solution For South Vietnam

Source: Document 40, The Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964-1968, Vol. III, Vietnam, June-December…

Special Message to the Congress on U.S. Policy in Southeast Asia

Sources: Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Lyndon B. Johnson, 1963-64, Book…

Limited Test Ban Treaty

Source: United States Treaties and Other International Agreements, Vol. 14, part 2 (Washington, D.C.: U.S.…

Minutes of the Meeting of the Special Group (Augmented) on Operation MONGOOSE

Document 24: Laurence Chang and Peter Kornbluh, eds., “The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962: The Documents”…

Soviet Reactions to Certain U.S. Courses of Action on Cuba

Source: Mary S. McAuliffe, ed., CIA Documents on the Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 (Washington, D.C.:…

Statement on Cuba

Source: “United States Reaffirms Policy on Prevention of Aggressive Actions by Cuba,” Department of State…

Report to President Kennedy on South Vietnam

Source: The Pentagon Papers as published by The New York Times (New York and Chicago:…
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