The Educational Background of the Framers

by Gordon Lloyd and Jeff Sammon



Elbridge Gerry (1762)
Rufus King (1777)
William Samuel Johnson (M.A. 1747)
Caleb Strong (1774)
George Washington (Honorary LLD 1776)


Abraham Baldwin (1772)
Jared Ingersoll (1766)
William Samuel Johnson (1744)
William Livingston (1741)
Roger Sherman (Honorary MA 1768)
William Livingston (Honorary LLD 1788)


College of New Jersey

Gunning Bedford, Jr. (1771)
William R. Davie (1776)
Jonathan Dayton (1776)
Oliver Ellsworth (1766)
William C. Houston
(1768, M.A. 1771)
James Madison Jr. (1771)
Alexander Martin (1756, M.A. 1759)
Luther Martin (1766)
William Paterson (1763)
David Brearly (Honorary M.A. 1781)
John Dickinson (Honorary LLD)

Middle Temple (London)

John Dickinson (1757)
John Rutledge (1760)
John Blair (Juris Doctoris)
Jared Ingersoll (Juris Doctoris 1776)

Middle Temple
William and Mary

College of William and Mary

John Blair
James McClurg (1762)
John F. Mercer (1775)
William L. Pierce (attended)
Edmund J. Randolph (attended)

King’s College (Columbia)

Gouverneur Morris (1768, M.A. 1771)
Alexander Hamilton (attended)

King's College

College of Philadelphia (University of Pennsylvania)

Thomas Mifflin (1760)
Hugh Williamson (1757, M.A. 1760)
James Wilson (Honorary M.A. 1766)


John Langdon (Honorary LLD 1805)

Newark Academy

James McHenry (1772)

Inner Temple (London)

William Houstoun (1776)

Oxford (England)

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1764)

St. Andrews (Scotland)

James Wilson

Glasgow (Scotland)

Richard Dobbs Spaight (1778)

Edinburgh (Scotland)

James McClurg (M.D. 1770)

College of Saint Omer (Netherlands)

Daniel Carroll (1747)

Tutor or Professor

Abraham Baldwin
William C. Houston
James McClurg
Hugh Williamson
James Wilson
George Wythe



The year was 1787. The place: the State House in Philadelphia. This is the story of the framing of the federal Constitution.

The Convention

Read the four-act drama and day-by-day summary by Gordon Lloyd, as well as Madison’s account of the Convention Debates.

Interactive Map of Historic Philadelphia in the Late 18th Century

Learn about historic Philadelphia and where the founders stayed, ate, and met.

View Interactive

Multimedia Resources

Watch video explanations of Dr. Lloyd’s view on the Convention. is a project of the Ashbrook Center at Ashland University

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